Monday, July 6, 2020

Layers Meaning from Literary and Philosophical Perspectives - 1650 Words

Atlas Shrugged: Exploring the Layers of Meaning both from Literary and Philosophical Perspectives (Essay Sample) Content: Atlas Shrugged: Exploring the Layers of Meaning both from Literary and Philosophical Perspectives Spontaneity and creative endeavor are two essential human virtues that help a human being to enjoy a spiritually prosperous and emotionally fulfilled life. A comparison of the early and contemporary time would reveal that gradual progress of the human civilization has always not been capable of producing the desired positivism, especially in the context of human emotional and spiritual nourishment and this process of providing less importance over basic human qualities rather than lust for material possession commenced since inception of the industrial revolution. Humankinds escape from the state of spiritual and eternal bliss to the mad quest for mundane obsession has repeatedly emerged as one of the favorite themes of discussion and criticism for literary artists in different times, although such process received different forms of literary manifestations. Ayn Rands Atl as Shrugged is one of the greatest literary pieces deals with the same theme and during the course of reflecting over different aspects of modern existence it has provided considerable focus over different aspects of human life, starting from gender, spiritual, physical and philosophical discourses. The theme of individualism and collectivism manifested within the individuals soul (Sciabarra 114) has recurred among Ayn Rands literary works at different points of time; however, in the Atlas Shrugged her mastery to treat the same theme has reached culmination as she has been able to fuse both literary techniques and philosophical arguments to their perfectly measured respective proportions. The storyline of Atlas Shrugged provides a reader with an interesting mode of characterization, and the main reason behind such characterization can be the authors conscious effort to portray the characters as perfect representatives of the modern world of capitalist observation both towards life , society and social duties or commitments. Presence of the capitalist socio-economic discourse at the heart of the novel plays a very important role in the context of orienting the nature of characters and parts that they have played in contributing to the ongoing course of the story. On one hand, the author has narrated tale of a society, where immorality and extreme selfishness gnawed the foundation of morality and fellowship; on the other, suffering of individuals, their emotional tenderness and their spiritual and emotional suffocation within an extremely inhuman situation clearly indicate that every time the entire social system will attempt to suffocate human spontaneity with material obsession and emotional deprivation, such heartlessness will be responded with catastrophe of the entire system, which has been signified by title of the novel itself. According to the ancient Greek mythology, a great Titan Atlas maintains earthly equilibrium by resting it over his shoulder. Whi le mans crime against humanity will become too heavy for him to endure, he will respond to it by shrugging his shoulder. John Gult: Perception of Selfishness in the Atlas Shrugged John Gult has been introduced in the novel Atlas Shrugged since the very beginning but his human entity has not been defined properly by the author. Who is John Gult, the very question has been asked on frequent occasions in the novel and each time in the context of referring to questions, answers of which are unknown. Sometimes he has emerged as a successful industrialist and on other occasions, as a mythological figure, John Galt is Prometheus who changed his mind. After centuries of being torn by vultures in payment for having brought to men the fire of the gods, he broke his chains and he withdrew his fireuntil the day when men withdraw their vultures (Rand 478). Keeping in accordance with this observation, it can be understood that the way a human being suffers within a capitalist and parasitical soc iety John Gult also has gone through this phase. In return to his contribution for the modern industrial society, he was repaid in a quite unlikely way; consequently, in order to teach this selfish and immoral world the lessons of gratitude, John Gult not only stops conveying the benefits of his invention but he also builds a team of his own with those people, whose analysis and critical thinking can provide the capitalist society to find a way out of the prevailing economic crisis. Protagonist of the novel, Dagny Taggart finds herself quite trapped into the same situation. Since her very childhood she had only one dream: to govern the entire Taggart Transcontinental and apart from that desire if anything she has really liked or admired from the bottom of her heart is Richard Halleys music: She loves the music of Richard Halley. Outside the railroad, that's the only thing she loves (Rand 66). While she was desperately tried to save the entire business, both due to her love for the o rganization and keeping in mind future of all the people, associated with the company, she was betrayed and her dreams were almost demolished: Her work was all she had or wanted. But there were times, like tonight, when she felt that sudden, peculiar emptiness, which was not emptiness, but silence, not despair, but immobility, as if nothing within her were destroyed, but everything stood still. (Rand 67). Betrayal of the society took away her love for work, spirit and enthusiasm left her as a shallow creature. She was almost in the same situation that John Gult experienced and reevaluated that joy of the soul is the main impetus that keeps a person alive. Her love and passion for work has been taken away from her, thus, standing in the middle of the room, alone between sky and city (Rand 68), she tried to find the fuel for living through music. However, despite being part of the capitalist society, the humane aspects of Dagny Taggart are not totally dead and she still believes in emotional benevolence, mutual existence and the importance of sacrifice. During his speech John Gult, breaking the silence of twelve long years also mentions that the he also believed in human virtues but the world of disaster and immorality that has been created, is actually a result of mans own deed as people have taken human willingness to sacrifice as natural and exploited others on that basis. Human fallibility lies in the fact that they have never paid adequate respect to the sacrifices that helped them to enjoy a better existence. They always have questioned others capacity to sacrifice or attempted to determine that to which magnitude sacrifices should be done, whereas respectively such deciders have remained selfish and immoral: Through centuries of scourges and disasters, brought about by your code of morality, you have cried that your code had been broken, that the scourges were punishment for breaking it, that men were too weak and too selfish to spill all the blood it r equired. You damned man, you damned existence, you damned this earth, but never dared to question your code. Your victims took the blame and struggled on, with your curses as reward for their martyrdom - while you went on crying that your code was noble, but human nature was not good enough to practice it (Rand 925). What he actually implied through his speech is that in the world of capitalist and parasitic behavior, an individual is left with a very limited scope to exhibit the grace of sacrifice as a human virtue and thus, under such circumstances selfishness becomes both moral and practical as it acts as a defense mechanism against human ruthlessness. While the characters in the novel Atlas Shrugged, the characters can be classified into two sections, namely, capitalists with human traits and capitalists with inhuman traits, people belon...

Wednesday, June 24, 2020

How to Become a Man Understanding If- - Literature Essay Samples

Rudyard Kipling’s â€Å"If-† explores the themes of manhood, hard work, and discipline. The speaker feels that one should have humility, confidence, and several other virtues in order to be a man. Kipling uses literary techniques including anaphora, juxtaposition, and personification to persuade his son to become a man, giving the poem significance to readers in all eras who are trying to find their own sense of manhood. The speaker emphasizes the importance of being confident, humble, and balanced throughout the entirety of the poem, suggesting that one can fulfill his or her greatest potential by following the poem’s guidelines. The speaker feels that one should â€Å"keep [his] head when all about [him]/Are losing theirs and blaming it on [him]†(1-2) while also making â€Å"allowance for their doubting too†(4). It is good to be confident in oneself, but arrogance should be avoided; one must have strong self-trust while being open to the possibility that others could be correct instead. He thinks that one should be able to â€Å"risk it [all] on one turn of pitch-and-toss,/And lose, and start again at your beginnings,/And never breathe a word about your loss†(18-20). One must be humble and disciplined from complaining when things go wrong in order to be a true man. He states that one can be a man â€Å"If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you†(27) and †Å"If all men count with you, but none too much†(28). There must be equilibrium between keeping a thick skin in all relationships and valuing all people’s opinions. If all of these things are achieved, then â€Å"Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,/And- which is more- you’ll be a Man, my son!†(31-32) The speaker is giving the poem’s advice to his son, but additionally to the readers of the poem, who also indirectly learn that the completion of all these things will give them the world as well as manhood. Kipling highlights his argument using the literary techniques of anaphora, juxtaposition, irony, and personification, making readers relate to and believe his message more easily. He begins nearly every other line with â€Å"If you†¦Ã¢â‚¬  and continues with what should be done in each situation. By repeating this structure, the importance of following each rule is emphasized. He then juxtaposes inaction with action when he stresses being able to â€Å"dream- and not make dreams your master†(9) and â€Å"think- and not make thoughts your aim†(10). One cannot simply be enthralled with dreams and thoughts to be a man; one must act and not become a slave to complacency. He later values being able to â€Å"meet with Triumph and Disaster/And treat those two impostors just the same†(11-12). He calls them both â€Å"impostors† because they are both temporary, and he ironically capitalizes the concepts’ names to highlight that they are seemingly impo rtant, but should be treated as insignificant. By using these devices, Kipling makes his poem effective, engaging, and persuasive to a wider audience. The speaker’s emphasis on endurance and self-restraint parallels my value of hard work and perseverance, resulting in a strong connection between me and the poem. He maintains the significance of being able to â€Å"[be] lied about, [and not] deal in lies/Or being hated [not giving] way to hating†(6-7). He thinks one should aspire to make your heart and body â€Å"serve your turn long after they are gone,/And so hold on when there is nothing in you/Except the Will which says to them: Hold on!(22-24) These lines appeal specifically to those who harbor a strong work ethic, those who always manage to focus myself on the task at hand and complete it even under duress. He highlights that one can be a man by filling â€Å"the unforgiving minute/With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run†(29-30). He feels it is necessary to make the most of all the time we can use, leading readers to appreciate the benefit of acting wholeheartedly; putting half effort into a task or project will result in a mediocre outcome, whereas a concentrated attempt would have produced a much better product and only taken slightly more effort. Because the speaker’s view towards hard work and choices are easily understandable, the poem is more impactful and memorable than other ones. Rudyard Kipling’s â€Å"If-† highlights the value of hard work and becoming a man through actions. He feels that if we try to take the easy way out, we will never truly be great. In societies plagued by vices such as hatefulness and laziness, this poem can be brought to mind to remind its readers that hard work is required for success.

Monday, June 8, 2020

Physical Structures And Symbols Business Essay - Free Essay Example

When we come across into organizational culture, artifacts are the observable symbols and signs of it. It may be a very simple behavior that how their employees greet to their customer, how their employees are rewarded or punished in a positive way, or even the organization physical layout that actually represent their cultures. Artifacts are considered as a very important role out of the four methods of Changing/Strengthening Organizational Culture, because they potentially support the changes of an organization culture. Moreover, due to some of the artifacts are hard to be seen in a short period of time, so the new comers to the organizations who wants to learn from their cultures, might take up a long times to actually understand the organizational culture. Nevertheless, if the new employee is willing to spend some time on it, they could do observation to their workplace from time to time, and interact with the staff to get more information of what cultures within the organization would be. In other words, artifacts could be identifying through four categories, which are physical structures symbols, organizational language, stories legends, and rituals ceremonies. Physical Structures Symbols The past British prime minister, Winston Churchill said We shape our buildings, thereafter, they shape us. This is to remind us that the building structure of an organization reflects its cultures throughout a companys building, designs of every employee workplaces, and some other workspaces for employees to interact and communicate with each others. For examples, in order to motivate employees of Google, Google has been always providing the most relaxing working environments to their employees, the Googlers. By doing this, Googlers might tend to talk more and come out with more creative ideas under the relaxing and luxury workplaces. After long hours of working, Googlers might wants to have a short break by visiting the massage room as reinforcement. Additionally, various type of snacks will be also provided at wherever workplace for them. As Google said that they want their employee, Googlers to love coming to work every day, not just for works and projects during the working hou rs, but for the exclusive cultures and buildings structures that gives them the opportunity to outshine their ability and professional to the works. It is also highly encouraged by Google that all the Googlers are recommend to be feel free to be themselves in the working environment, this has been carried out through their offices around the world. Moreover, most of the walls in the Googles company are surfaced with magnetic whiteboard material. The reason that they built this is to allow their engineers to point down the idea at anytime and anyplace when they figured out the solutions to problems. Much of the companys desk and chairs are flexible to be adjust, this is to suits the persons height to assist in the quality of works. Furthermore, they are proving a large are of floor space to overcome the bored casual meeting that held in the conference room. While if the hours of working forced to be extended, at least Googlers are still working in the enjoyable environment. These are what made Google Company to won for the top 1 out of 100 companies as Best Companies to Work For during the years 2007, 2008, 2011, and 2012, while 4th out of 100 during year 2009 and 2010. Organizational Language Language could be another way to identify the cultures in an organization. By how employee using words to address people, such as the way they greets within the organization, how they express anger or relax, how they reflects on customer service. Employee communicate using jargon within the company could be one of the best examples, it is the language of how a group of profession communicated with specialized terms such as, Google Company uses the word reboot instead of restart due to most of them are in the IT fields. Stories Legends Stories telling could be one of the most effective ways to communicate in the organization when there are new employees enter to the company. A legend could be how heroic a person have done in the organization, how that person help the company to solved problems. From how a person being rewarded, or being punished, telling all the stories and legends might show to the new comers what the company cultures are. A great story or legend told to the new comers could be a key where managers can motivate the new employee by showing the good behavior of the legendary. The communication between employee sometimes describe the real people in the organization, tell their past history and backgrounds, this is to help the new comers to get know more of their colleagues. Google Company are structured to reinforce their organizational culture, to assist Googlers to perform better and coming out with innovative ideas. Every employees are being Googley, which means that an every employee ever si nce joining the company should follow the accordingly with company values. Googlers came around the world, with a variety of backgrounds, this shows how uniqueness are them in the organization. In 2011, a thousand of Googlers be present at Sum of Google celebrations, which carry out in 30 countries and 52 offices. Every Googlers are told to submit a video clips that share their background, how they can be themselves in the organization during the Googler Storied Video Project., it is one of the event during the celebrations. Moreover, there is global network that connect more than 30 active chapters across the world, which is The Women at Google. While during the Women @ Google Speakers Series, Google had invited the most successful women to their company to share their stories, and how they succeed. Past guests being invited were political leader Madeleine Albright and Hilary Clinton, entertainers Tina Fey and Lady Gaga, and social activist Alice Walker and Gloria Steinem. Besid es, Googles senior women were also invited to talk about their stories and career paths, how they went through it. In addition, Google supports its employee no matter who they are, giving the chance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender an opportunity to work with them. This is how the LGBT community came across, to ensure that their employees are treating in fairness and equality. Besides, there is a legend that a couple of guys, who celebrate the accomplishment to their new products, by shaving their heads inside the Google mens room. Rituals and Ceremonies Rituals refers to the routines of organizational life that being programmed that have symbolic meaning. The organization is responsible to share the corporate values of their company to their employees. For example, Googlers had been told that there are 10 things that all of them should hold it as a motivation. The 10 things are: Focus on the user and all else will follow. Its best to do one thing really, really well. Fast is better than slow. Democracy on the web works. You dont need to be at your desk to need an answer. You can make money without doing evil. Theres always more information out there. The need information crosses all borders. You can be serious without a suit. Great just isnt good enough. From time to time, Googlers shall revisit to ensure if they are still with 10 of it. In November 2011, Google announced the winners of the Leadership Awards with 27 Googlers, according to their past accomplishment and contributions towards the c ompany. Each of them shows the passionate and the leadership skills within the organizations. Moreover, every Googlers follow a rule everyday with their works, which is the 70/20/10 rule. It is mean by, everyone of them have to spend 70 percent of their working hours to whatever project that are being assigned to them by the management, 20 percent of their working hours to come out with new ideas that is related to their projects given, and lastly 10 percent to and new ideas that they wish to suggest to their manager, regardless what they want to do. Problems Encountered With all of the best benefits from the Best Company to Work for, there are some problems being encounter due to the best benefits are given. Although a very relaxing and luxury working environments are provided in the Google Company around the world, without doubting there should be a great place to work for. However, there is some of the people out there who just want to enjoy within the organization without any contribution, this could bring a lot of matters to the company. With too much of enjoyment, people could lose their working attitude towards the job. Secondly, there was a lot of complain from customers regarding the Customer Service of Google are very bad in attitude. According to the Customer Service Scoreboard website, Google Customer Service is ranked 567 out of the 604 companies that registered. From here we know that they are really bad in customer service. There is also the reply from Google that they shared it on Google + and saying: If you have a billion users, and a mere 0.1% of them have an issue that requires support on a given day (an average of one support issue per person every three years), and each issue takes 10 minutes on average for a human to personally resolve, then youd spend 19 person-years handling support issues every day. If each support person works an eight-hour shift each day then youd need 20,833 support people on permanent staff just to keep up. Recommendation According to the first problem encountered and in order to overcome the problem statement, I am now recommend that Google should set up some of the rules for their employees, being strict to them is one of the ways to deduct the enjoyment towards them. While based on the second problem faced by Google, I recommend that Google should have a good conversation to their entire employee, they should have control with their attitudes towards their customer, and its always been said that The customer is always right, that shall follow this motto as their response to the customer service. From the above recommendations, the theory of Communicating in Teams and Organization should be applied to the issues. Google are recommended to have more communications to their employee, especially for those in the customer service department. As we know that the importance of communication is to coordinating work activities, organizational learning and decision making, and it could lead to the em ployee well-being in the organizations.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Advertising the good and bad Essay - 1193 Words

Advertising is a persuasive communication attempt to change or reinforce one’s prior attitude that is predictable of future behavior. We are not born with the attitudes for which we hold toward various things in our environment. Instead, we learn our feelings of favorability or unfavorability through information about the object through advertising or direct experience with the object, or some combination of the two. Furthermore, the main aim of advertising is to ‘persuade’ to consumer in order to generate new markets for production. â€Å"Advertising is far from impotent or harmless; it is not a mere mirror image. Its power is real, and on the brink of a great increase. Not the power to brainwash overnight, but the power to create subtle and†¦show more content†¦Without advertising, the media (including newspaper, television, and radio) would be much less vigorous. Advertising provides revenue for commercial mediums, which would otherwise need to be funded by the actual consumer of these mediums. For instance, a newspaper would cost up to three times as much money because advertising provides two-thirds of the revenue of the print media, and all television, bar government funded networks, would be pay-TV (since nearly ALL revenue for television is provided by advertising, while the consumer provides no financial support except for providing the service of watching the advertised messages). So we can see a major economic infrastructure based around advertising. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;However, with every positive side comes a negative, and advertising is no different. Advertising has been blamed for a great variety of negative social impacts. One of the major criticisms received by advertising is that it forces people to buy things they don’t really need, often projecting negative emotions such as fear, anxiety of guilt upon the consumer (Engel). It is claimed that advertising plays with our basic human emotions and takes advantage of them, using them as merely another technique to sell goods or services. Advertising also encourages people to buy products by making them think that purchasing and consuming are the majorShow MoreRelatedThe Good and Bad Side of Advertising1657 Words   |  7 Pages Compare and Contrast the ‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ side of Advertising PLAN TITLE: Compare and contrast the ‘good’ side and ‘bad’ side of advertising. PATTERN: Block Format INTRODUCTION CONTEXT: Communal Issue SUBJECT: Advertisements LIMITED SUBJECT: ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side ISSUE: compare, contrast THESIS: It states the similarities and differences but in emphasis on ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side of advertising. Similarities- â€Å"Good† side of Advertising Paragraph 1: Creates deep impression. Example: Hyundai CommercialsRead MoreAdvertising: the Good and Bad Essay1187 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising is a persuasive communication attempt to change or reinforce ones prior attitude that is predictable of future behavior. We are not born with the attitudes for which we hold toward various things in our environment. Instead, we learn our feelings of favorability or unfavorability through information about the object through advertising or direct experience with the object, or some combination of the two. Furthermore, the main aim of advertising is to ‘persuade to consumer in order toRead MoreThe Effects Of Advertising On A Good And A Bad Way Essay1661 Words   |  7 Pagespublicity, advertising and sales promotion. Advertising is one of the most popular methods of product promotion. It is a non-personal communication to current and prospective customers to inform, persuade or convince them to purchase a product. â€Å"It has been favoured by most producers due to its l ow cost per contact and its ability to influence customers and increase market share† (Marks and Kamins 267). Many organisations have benefited to a great extent in building a brand using advertising. CriticsRead MoreThe Harmful Effects of Advertising on Society982 Words   |  4 Pagessociety many people see advertising as harmful in many different ways. With today’s society image is everything, and advertising uses this to their advantage. Advertising uses this as a way to make insecure people buy products they do not need. Many advertisements that are seen today on television, billboards, newspaper, and magazines are indeed harmful to our eyes and brain. Many of them make people feel like crap, that you dont have this car or that house or that body. Advertising is harmful to societyRead MoreP1/P2 Creative Product Promotion Describe the Promotional Mix Used by Two Selected Organisations for a Selected Product/Service1372 Words   |  6 PagesCoca-Cola is the worldâ €™s most favourite and most profitable drink from 1886. PROMOTIONAL MIX Advertising – Coca-Cola uses one of the most modern and popular advertising. Christmas advertisment most popular and Coca-Cola uses Santa Clause because he is with red suit and a white beard and he did not always look that way as Coca-Cola advertising shaped him like that. They use different types of advertising such as: * Print ads * Radio * Television * Billboards * Banners *Read MoreWhy Launch an Advertising Campaign1542 Words   |  7 PagesWhy Launch An Advertising Campaign To start off, when your company is just becoming established in the British market, consumers will have no knowledge of your product, we must encourage or persuade the consumer to buy your product. To make customers aware of the product we must advertise. Large scale advertising mainly consists of advertising on TV, Radio, newspapers and other large scale media. This ensures that advertising reaches the largest amount of people in the shortest amount of time. ItRead MoreResearch And Writing Interest Paper867 Words   |  4 Pagesmight be touched by a wonderful ad and then purchases the goods. Instead, we might be bored or offended by an ad, then we will boycott it. So I think it is important to know about the customer’s taste and what they are degaussing with. Furthermore, there are billions of successful ads, yet, some advertisements did not make it. The unsuccessful add may let the goods or even brands died with it. So I want to find out common errors among bad ads, any analysis their disadvantages. Sometimes an ad mayRead MoreDecisions that Determine the Success of a Business942 Words   |  4 Pagesmake a business successful. A business’ success can be valued on how much profit a business makes. In business, you earn profit by selling products and services to customers who are willing to buy. Qualities needed in business are determination, math, good decision making skills, and many other attributes. Decisions are an important part of business. The complex process of decisions that make up a business include location, budget, choosing what industry you should go into which is based on demographicsRead MoreThe Canadian Philosopher Of Communication Theory1533 Words   |  7 PagesThe Canadian philosopher of communication theory, Marshall McLuhan, once said that â€Å"advertising is the greatest art form of the 20th century†. Indeed, we are exposed to numerous advertisements every day. They come at us in many different forms and ways through TV screens, billboard s, magazines, web pages, door-to-door sales, and even radio. Advertisements are not fundamentally bad, but a lot of them use manipulative tactic and tricks which influence us in ways we do not even realize. Even thoughRead MoreHow Advertisers Gear Their Advertisements Towards Children968 Words   |  4 Pagessays it is okay gearing advertisements towards children, and another that says it is not okay. I am on the side that says it is not okay to target children in advertising. The reason being is because it can lead to undisciplined children, money problems, and bad habits in life. On the other side, people agree that targeting children are a good thing. They say this because it teaches them a compromise, promotes creativity, economic benefits, a positive social influence, and educational benefits (Lush

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Stock Market Consists Of Large And Small Companies

The stock market consists of large and small companies in where they put up small portions of their businesses to sell to investors. Investors across the world venture off into the stock market world in order to have a piece of ownership within the companies on the market. There are various options in the commodity market and there have been several cases in where securities fraud along with other white collar crimes have occurred. White Collar crimes are known as crimes considered to be nonviolent but are done to victims for a financial gain. A type of white collar crimes is considered to be securities fraud, it is usually done within the stock market by certain persons in either boiler rooms or large corporations. In the stock markets†¦show more content†¦Should the stock brokers involved in these crimes towards large groups of people be punished more severely? This paper will go into detail with how securities fraud can occur within the stock markets by a man who is curr ently making thousands telling his story after doing time for his white collar crimes. When it comes to white collar crimes caused by people in a higher economic status, the stories are portrayed to see the men in as glorious or intelligent to be able to pull off such schemes in where they earned millions. When it comes to what securities fraud actually entails, it is said that it is a crime where any person dealing within the stock markets causes or coerces someone else to invest their money towards the stocks being sold or about to be sold. In being sold to buy these stocks over the phone based off of information that could have been made up literally two minutes before the phone call is made is in violation of securities law within the stock market or the commodities markets. The term securities fraud can also be recognized along the lines of stock fraud and investment fraud as well. The crime can be committed by various types of groups of people including large corporations, brokerage firms, stockbrokers and as well as individuals on their own. In saying individuals on their own being able to commit securities fraud it is where they venture off themselves away from a company and would create a boilerShow MoreRelatedFrim Specific Return Prediction 763 Words   |  3 Pageslevel mon thly share prices, turnover and paid-up value data on KSE over eleven year period – January 2002 through December 2012 is collected from the websites of â€Å"Business Recorder and Karachi Stock Exchange† that are authentic sources of information. The data consists of monthly share prices of a large sample of 300 firms of 132 months. For risk free rate of return interest rate on 6-month Treasury bond is used. Accounting data has been collected from various bulletins of â€Å"balance sheet analysis†Read MoreRelationship Between Corporate Performance And Board886 Words   |  4 Pagesthe finest article that spoke about importance of independence non-executive directors for firm efficiency and economic growth in the context of Irish firms. Also emphasis on having small and large boards. Q2. : The main research problem is, what types of board structure are optimal from perspective of maximizing stock holders wealth in Ireland. Subproblems of this paper listed below: a) Whether firm size has moderating impact on the relation between firm performance and board size. Specifically whetherRead MoreFund Overview : Fidelity Contrafund1065 Words   |  5 Pagesinvestments of $5oo. The average quarterly total return of FCNTX (equity with income) is 13.30 per cent since inception, which means if invested $100 in the Q1 of 1967 when the company started up, $34,525.10 dollars will be returned in 2015 Q3, and the gain has been expanded by 34,425%. The Fidelity Contrafund, which focus on the stock of U.S. and contributed to the swift growth of the funds for the past few years, is operated by Fidelity Investment and firstly made its debut in 1967. William Danoff, theRead MoreValue and Growth Stocks973 Words   |  4 Pagescorporation is divided into shares is called Stock. The person who owns a stock is a shareholder. The major shareholders of the corporation elect board of directors. The shareholders would not have direct control because, in a corporation, direct control and ownership are often separate. Board of directors makes rules on how the corporation should run and delegates the decision making to corporate management team. The Corporate management team will consists of Chief executive officer (CEO) and ChiefRead MoreThe Stock Market1416 Words   |  6 Pagesthe needs and wants of consumers and namely, the Stock Market. The Stock Market is nothing more than a global network of organised market places where everyday lar ge sums of money are moved across. As of 2013, over $85 trillion AUD (or â‚ ¬60 trillion) are traded in the Stock Market. This amount of money is more than the cost of all goods and services in the entire world economy. However, this is just a simplified statement. In truth, the Stock Market is a highly complicated concept that can be affectedRead MoreMarketing Pl Albrecht Capital Will Be Represented By A Certified Public Accounting Firm998 Words   |  4 Pagesthe capital is allocated within the company in order to stay compliant with the standards set forth by the United States Government. It will detail management fees and compensation that the fund brings in so Albrecht Capital maintains a solid standing in the public image. All U.S. laws and regulations will be followed in order to keep our business intact with a solid public image. Marketing Plan Product- As stated earlier in this business plan the fund will consist of two separate investment choicesRead MoreWhy I Will Invest An Investor1505 Words   |  7 Pagesabout what I will invest in, I think it would be crucial for me to talk about me personally as an investor. As an investor I am not afraid to loss today if I feel I will make more tomorrow. Meaning I am willing to go through the volatility of the market if I feel like I will come out ahead in the end. For my goals, the first one is an obvious one of making more money then I happened to start out with. Another goal is to find funds that will make the most amount of money over the entire 30 years notRead MoreEssay on Financial Management Integrated Case 2 Answers1381 Words   |  6 Pagesthose who need it in one of three ways: †¢ Direct transfers: occur when a business sells its stocks or bonds directly to savers without going through any type of financial institution. This is used primarily by small firms and doesn’t raise much capital. †¢ Transfers also can go through an investment bank that underwrites the issue, or serves as middleman/facilitator. The company sells its stocks or bonds to the investment bank, which then sells these same securities to savers. Because newRead MoreTracking Performance Via Financial Statements1309 Words   |  6 PagesTracking Performance via Financial Statements Financial statements are the lifeblood of publicly traded companies, investors use the information provided on all these statements to determine whether they should place their money and trust in this company or a competitor. The information on these statements, by law, must be truthful and precise for the given reporting periods; this means that a silver-tongued executive can only have so much of an effect on investor confidence. Investors are encouragedRead MoreFund Overview : Fidelity Contrafund1359 Words   |  6 Pagesinvestments of $5oo. The average quarterly total return of FCNTX (equity with income) is 13.30 per cent since inception, which means if invested $100 in the Q1 of 1967 when the company started up, $34,525.10 dollars will be returned in 2015 Q3, and the gain has been expanded by 34,425%. The Fidelity Contrafund, which focus on the stock of U.S. and contributed to the swift growth of the funds for the past few years, is operated by Fidelity Investment and firstly made its debut in 1967. William Danoff, the

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Technology Friend or Foe - 2164 Words

Eng 102 3/28/12 TECHNOLOGY - FRIEND OR FOE? Until recently, I had always accepted technology as a wonderful friend, but after doing some in depth reading and research on the topic I found that technology also has its draw -backs. Through research I found that technology has been nothing more than a journey of trial and error. In my research I discovered what I choose to call the dark side of technology. Everyday household conveniences, transportation, and modern medicine are all products of technology that are an integral part of our society. More often than not these products and services are viewed as assets or friends of our society .and the draw-backs are often overlooked And why not ? We are a Convenience oriented society,†¦show more content†¦And yet with each mechanical genius comes an inevitable amount of deaths and tragedies from which no one is immune (Florman 111). When I was a young girl, my family and I, in the safety of our own family car. took a trip to Tombstone, Arizona to capture a little of the Old West while it still existed. The trip being a spur of the moment decision, didnt give us much time but to put together some sandwiches and soda pops then head out for Tombstone. We witnessed a real gunfight and a stage coach robbery, we even had a genuine cowboy dinner. We enjoyed the old western atmosphere, and were disappointed when it came time to leave. We then headed for the nearest gas station and fueled up before heading home. It was already past sunset and we children drifted off to sleep with happy thoughts of the day. I remember waking up to the feeling of weightlessness like that of a roller coaster ride. we were flying off the freeway at high speed, when I finally realized that we were going to crash. I felt a hard blow and was knocked unconscious. When I came to I found myself trapped in the car which was now upside down , and all I could hear was screaming and crying all around me. it seemed like hours had passed before help had arrived. It wasn t until then that I felt something warm flowing down my face. It was blood from my aunt Maria who wasShow MoreRelatedTechnology Friend Or Foe?1280 Words   |  6 PagesDecember 2, 2014 Technology—Friend or Foe? Over time, technology has evolved in ways that people living 50 years ago would have never imagined in their wildest dreams. There have been countless technological advancements that have changed peoples’ lives and the way that society functions. It is difficult to even picture a world without technology. Many of us have our entire lives saved on our phone or computer. Our lives have become so dependent on it that the use of such technology comes naturallyRead MoreModern Technology: a Friend or a Foe?1572 Words   |  7 PagesModern Technology: A friend or a foe? Paolo A. Pantaleon 2-7 â€Å"Were changing the world with technology† (Gates). In this modern world, many people can’t survive without the aid of modern technology. Do you remember when people used to send messages through the use of the â€Å"pony express†? Or when people used to get up from their couch to change the channel of the television? I can’t imagine how people could live without modern technologies such as cell phones, internet, and many more. TechnologyRead MoreEssay on Technology: Friend or Foe?2221 Words   |  9 PagesTechnology: Friend or Foe? There are many differing opinions on the advancement of technology but there are really two main sides to the issue. One side is enthusiastic and ready for new progress and change, while the other side can see the value of technology but is more cautious and wary of the changes technology brings to society as a whole. These sides are simplified but useful for looking at the extreme ends of the issues in order to see the balance between the two. What is technologyRead MoreTechnology: Friend or Foe Essay2092 Words   |  9 Pagessurprise that technology is rapidly taking over the world, and defining the day to day lives we live. As humans we are constantly engaged in some form of technology. However, the role of technology in early childhood classroom is a growing and controversial topic. The bottom line question for most teachers is whether or not computer based technology is developmentally appropriate for early childhood students, and if they benefit from using computers as a prima ry learning tool. Technology is the branchRead MoreTechnologies: a Friend or a Foe? - Argumentative Essay871 Words   |  4 PagesOctober 2012 2012106211 / A1A Argumentative Essay Technologies: A Friend or A Foe? Our world is constantly becoming modernized through technologies. It is use by people to improve the way they live for their everyday living. It changed other aspects of our everyday life such as work and leisure time activities. Through technologies, it helps us in changing our lives and shaping our future rapidly. Technology is important to us but at the same time it is risky and harmful whenRead MoreSocial Media And Its Impact On Society873 Words   |  4 PagesWith today’s advanced technology of the 21st century, we now have a wide range of access to information through social media. We can now stay updated with current topics and events going on around the world and become educated with just a click, or tap, to a social media application. Many people assume that social media are our friend and that social media is a great thing to have. But, what these people fail to realize is that social media is really our enemy, our foe. Where do I stand with socialRead MoreGm Food Pros and Cons1022 Words   |  5 Pagescontinued at Davos in such panels as 21st Century Food Fights and Should We Be Frightened By Food? - but it won t end there, not by a long shot. The GM food debate is increasingly dividing public opinion - and countries. The potential of the new technology seems promising, but it s hard to know at what, if any, risk. The debate over genetically modified (GM) organisms could look like an excuse for yet another trade battle between the US and Europe, joining the ranks of bananas and beef. The debateRead MoreRfid Technology For The Consumer And The Producer Alike1260 Words   |  6 PagesTechnology is quickly evolving and changing our everyday tasks. The next big thing is RFID technology. RFID, also known as Radio Frequency Identification Device, is making it easier for the consumer to pay without swiping their card or without signing. Many already know RFID as pay-pass where you simply wave your credit card over an RFID transmitter to pay for purchases. There are many benefits and cons to this new technology for the consumer and the producer alike. RFID has been around longer thanRead MoreEssay On Growing Membership1338 Words   |  6 Pagesbelieve the same concept holds true to the Eagles as they are threatened to lose the backbone of their membership. To me, the Fraternity serves as a throwback of prior generations of strong Unions and dedicated workers. As with Delongs (2004) discovery, FOE depends on retention strategy to retain its boomer membership. A major issue with losing membership results in loss of the many charity funded medical programs The Eagles support. These aforementioned programs affect more than just baby boomers. WithRead MoreNuclear Power: Dangerous Nemesis or Trusted Ally1158 Words   |  5 Pagesadditional Nuclear power plants, or any other forms of alternative energy (Boyer). While nuclear energy is clean, and reasonably secure method of providing abundant amounts of energy; many communities still have concerns over the safety of this technology, this anxiety has brought the construction of new nuc lear power stations to a virtual standstill in the U.S Next came the 1986 Chernobyl accident in the former U.S.S.R. The nuclear disaster is the worst in all of human history killing fifty people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Multiple Personalities Disorder Analysis - 1037 Words

Multiple Personality Disorders (MPD), or what has been re-classified, Dissociative Idenitfy Disorder (DID), is a deliberating and frightening illness for the DID individual; as well as their friends and family. The meaning of DID (Dissoiative Idenity Disorder) usually means that a person has more than two self-states or identities, which often times appear like entirely different personalities. When one is under the control of one identity, the person usually is unable to remember some of the events, but is able to keep other personalities in control. A well-known girl with multiple personalities is one of many victims of this diagnosis. Many psychiatrist studied her behaviors, and learned from the documented history of her behaviors.†¦show more content†¦Some Physical differences each alter within a multiple have their own history, personalities that are unique to them, body movements, facial expressions, how they express their communication verbally, also tone and pitch. Another indicator of a symptom of (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder, is handwriting style differences. Time loss is another symptom. The final symptom of (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder is depression that includes suicide and self-mutilation. With self-mutilation, it includes body memories and nightmares. This symptom is the most common in the breakdown of symptoms. This disorder is typically treated with therapy and psychotropic medication. This medication must be carefully monitored. Some of these people who suffer from this disorder, believe that have multiple personalities which they then take on a life of their own within the individual. Their personality is the sum of these identities, which have been split off at some point in the past. This split usually causes multiple traumatic events to the individual. There are many different ways to act towards someone with (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder. 1.) Someone emphasizing, even if its difficult to imagine having alters. 2.) A person with dissociative identity disorder that might feel like he or she loses time or left in a dark place when their alter idenitities are in control. 3.) Do not trivialize someone with (MPD) Multiple PersonalityShow MoreRelatedSybil: Movie Analysis [Multiple Personality Disorder]1547 Words   |  7 PagesA. DSM IV CRITERIA DSM-IV-TR Criteria for Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative identity disorder. Presence of two or more identities or personalities that take control of the person’s behavior; loss of memory for important personal information. B. DESCRIPTION OF THE CHARACTER INFLICTED WITH THE PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER Sybil Dorsett, the character in the movie inflicted with the psychiatric disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), is a very simple woman who due to her love for paintingRead MoreThe Secret Window And Dissociative Identity Disorder1096 Words   |  5 PagesThe Secret Window and Dissociative Identity Disorder The Secret Window is a film released in 2004 directed by David Koepp and written by Stephen King. The main issue in this film is one of a psychological basis which keeps the audience on their toes and maybe even slightly confused until all of the pieces fit together at the end of the film. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the psychological issue that plagues the main character, Mort Rainey (portrayed by Johnny Depp), and identify anyRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder Essay1635 Words   |  7 PagesMultiple Personality Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a mental disease that exists in about one percent of the population. Much research supports the existence of this disease and its origins, causes and effects on the people in who suffer with it. This essay will clearly define Multiple Personality Disorder along with a detailed synopsis of the disease itself. The diagnosis, alter personalities, different treatments and views will indicate the disease is real. The AmericanRead MoreThe Three Faces Of Eve Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pagesintended to inform its reader about Multiple Personality Disorder and whether it is fact or fiction. This paper was intended to be contrived after watching the film â€Å"The Three Faces of Eve†, directed by Nunnally Johnson in 1957. The star of the film, Joanne Woodard, portrays the title character Eve White, who acts through the separate personalities of Eve White, Eve Black, and Jane. Despite the doctors in the film being able to explain Multiple Personali ty Disorder, the question still arises today asRead MoreDissociative Identity Disorder And Multiple Personality Disorder1384 Words   |  6 PagesDissociative Identity Disorder (DID for short and popularly known as multiple personality disorder) is one of the more fascinating and simultaneously terrifying of the formal mental disorders. Probably due in part to DID’s fantastic, almost unbelievable nature, it is also one of the more controversial disorders that has been formally included in the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). In the most recent DSM, DSM-5, the signature criteria for DID is the â€Å"disruption of identityRead MoreSummary Of Me, Myself, And Essay1485 Words   |  6 PagesMe, Myself Irene Dissociative Disorder Jose Lugo, Jacob Rose, and Arturo Valdez Eagle Pass High School Abstract The movie Me, Myself Irene gives a great example of the Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). The disorder is displayed by the main character Charlie, a cop, and has an alter named Hank. Charlie and Hank are in the same body, but have completely different personalities. This is exactly what DID is defined as, but there are some inaccuracies throughout that have a different, moreRead MoreThe Psychodynamic Perspective Of Sigmund Freud1276 Words   |  6 Pagescomplex and related in some way to sex, and largely hidden from our conscious mind and this is believed to be the driving force. In addition, this perspective believes in the concept of a tripartite personality’ the ID, EGO and SUPEREGO, as proposed by Freud. The ID is the first part of the personality to develop, and being the unconscious aspect that reflects our true wants and desires and which has no respect for what is socially/morally acceptable. The unconscious forms a large part of our mentalRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder1423 Words   |  6 Pagesfrom reality, just mild like when we daydream, delve into a good book or become engrossed with a project. But then after that, we do still come back to reality. However, some people are diagnosed with a dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). This differ from mild dissociation that all of us commonly experience. People who have this live a fairly complicated life. Sadly, people who have this experience traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse duringRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder1415 Wo rds   |  6 Pagesfrom reality, just mild like when we daydream, delve into a good book or become engrossed with a project. But then after that, we do still come back to reality. However, some people are diagnosed with a dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). This differ from mild dissociation that all of us commonly experience. People who have this live a fairly complicated life. Sadly, people who have this experience traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse duringRead MoreDefinition of Psychology1625 Words   |  7 Pagesin a systematic an observational manner. Techniques that are commonly used by behavior analysis would include chaining, prompting, and shaping (Cherry 2007). Chaining is when you break down a specific task into smaller components. When trying to trigger a response in a person this would be called prompting. Shaping involves changing or altering ones behavior until your desired behavior is found. Behavior ana lysis is a proven effective learning technique for helping children with developmental delays

What Are Blackjack And Why Is It Linked For Math

Blackjack Table of Contents Abstract 1 Introduction 1.1 What is blackjack and why is it linked to math? 1.1.1 Hitting and standing at the right time 1.1.2 Predicting cards in the deck to make the best decision 1.2 Ground rules during the game 1.2.1 Normal Casino rules 1.2.2 My rules 1.3 Flow of the game 1.3.1 Handing out cards 1.3.2 Making decision whether to hit/stay/fold 1.3.3 Settling a win in a tie game 2 Decision making using basic strategy 2.1 Holding cards lower than or equal to 17 2.1.1 Hitting situation 2.1.1.1 The margin that a player should hit according to dealer’s card 2.1.1.2 Statistical proof to analysis the margin 2.1.2 Standing situation 2.1.2.1 The margin that a player should stand according to dealer’s card 2.1.2.2 Statistical proof to analysis the margin 2.2 Holding cards higher than 17 2.2.1 Absolute standing 2.2.2 Hitting situation 2.2.2.1 Avoid hit as much as possible 2.1.2 Standing situation 2.1.2.1 Why holding at least 17 favors the player the most? 3 Decision making using card counting 3.1 Card Counting 3.1.1 How memorizing cards that have been consumed can benefit player? 3.2 High low method 3.1.1 How it functions 3.1.1.1 Low cards (+1) 3.1.1.2 Medium Cards (0) 3.1.1.3 High cards (-1) 3.1.2 Interpreting the numbering system 3.3 Strategy using high low method with statistical proof 3.3.1 Wait until more than half of the deck of cards is consumed 3.3.2 Situation when the total sum of deck is more than +10

Road Not Taken free essay sample

In the road not taken, a poem about (possibly) an inner journey; I think that the concepts in the poem seem very vague. Because he just mentions that he comes across a forest of some sort, in autumn- He mentions that he comes in a â€Å"yellow wood† so that could be imagery for a forest set in the fell season. and he says that he has to make a decision,, and moves on from there, he doesn’t mention if it’s good or bad. I’d like to think that this poem was not meant to have a definite story given by the writer. I’d like to think that the poem talks about making a choice, in the poem the persona has travelled into a path that goes two separate ways. The path is a metaphor for life, for being conflicted into making choices and from there, moving forward. We will write a custom essay sample on Road not taken or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He says that he doubts he should ever come back, which could mean that he knows he can’t go back on the choices he he makes but from there, flourish. When he says that â€Å"I took the road less travelled by, and that has made all the difference†, It could mean that the choices he made, good or bad, will have made an impact on his life, and I quote, it has made all the difference The Ivory Trail though is more of a Physical Journey then the Road Not Taken and is set in Africa, symbolized by the warm colors shown in the cover, the appearance of the person on the bottom left, the mosque like buildings and the Sphinx. This story is based on a physical journey of a boy, who encounters many journeys as he grows up. In contrast to The Road Not Taken, where the persona is satisfied with their journey, the look of forlorn in the character suggests that he is terrified of something. Possibly growing up, possibly the things one faces as they grow up. This could also suggest that this character is a young person. Because kid is afraid to grow up. If the character were more of an adult then he probably wouldn’t look as worries as he does WORDS: Respite: a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant. Denunciations: public condemnation of someone or something. Bartered: exchange (goods or services) for other goods or services without using money. Road Not Taken free essay sample Take a glimps into my brain and see how I perceive it! The literary work that caught my interest was, â€Å"The Road not Taken†, by Robert Frost (1916). Even though this poem may not affect someone else who reads it, I enjoyed its so much. This poem means different things to each person that reads it. I connected with this poem because sometimes I wonder how my life could have been different had I chosen a different road! When I consider this poem both roads were a lot alike—the speaker seems satisfied with the choice, and knows that leaving the other road for future travel is not possible. The choice is not just about a particular road but about a life path as well. (R. Wayne Clugston, 2011) I have come to the conclusion that I thought it dealt simply with making a challenging (less traveled by) choice. However, I now see that it reflects not just on the motive for choosing but on the nature of choice making. We will write a custom essay sample on Road Not Taken or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There appears to be delight, at least satisfaction, on the part of the speaker at the beginning of the poem, but the sigh mentioned at the end suggests that the choice was more complex than it appeared: It reveals the nature of decision making, implying that, at best, its a fuzzy process with ambiguous aspects—both at the moment a choice is made and afterwards. In this way, a wise observation is made through the poem, and important life knowledge is gained. R. Wayne Clugston, 2011) If I was to look at this same poem with an analytical approach using the reader response approach that I would say that this poem caught my imagination because I can actually picture myself on that path and then emotionally connect with the writer because I too reminisce on ways my life could have been different. If I look at it from a Formalists view, the narrator comes upon a fork in the road while walking through a yellow wood. He considers both paths and concludes that each one is equally well-traveled and appealing. After choosing one of the roads, the narrator tells himself that he will come back to this fork one day in order to try the other road. However, he realizes that it is unlikely that he will ever have the opportunity to come back to this specific point in time because his choice of path will simply lead to other forks in the road (and other decisions).

Margaret Thatcher was the Prim... free essay sample

Margaret Thatcher was the Prime Minister of Britain for three terms. She was a situational leader that combined both authoritarian and autocratic leadership styles. Because of this she was not successful in utilizing the transformational leadership theory which is the most effective theory used in todays work environment and organizational culture for positive change. She had many traits and strengths that led to her success but was weak on others. She needed to improved her capabilities in fostering collaborative relationships, active listening and adaptability. She was a very dynamic leader and brought needed changed to Britain, but also significantly influenced the world.Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister of Great Britain. Born into a conservative family, she grew up above her familys grocery store. She was brought up with the values of hard work and public service. She attended the University of Oxford graduating in 1947 with a degree in chemistry. She was a scientist but longed to be in politics. She joined the Young Conservatives and went on to study as a barrister at the Inns of Court Law school, becoming a tax attorney in 1954. It was during this time that she improved her leadership skills. She married a wealthy business man and was the mother of twins. She ran for parliament but was defeated due to the existence of male partiality in her conservative party. Her determination to succeed enabled her to became a member of the house of commons in 1959 and she rose up through the ranks in parliament serving until 1992. She was elected three terms as Prime Minister, serving eleven years in power (1979-1990). Margaret Thatcher passed away in 2013 at the age of 87 and is considered one of Britains most influential Prime Minister of the 20th century. Margaret Thatchers leadership style was a combination of autocratic and transactional. Her leadership style coined the term Thatcherism and is still used today to describes her leadership style and principals of the British government.Margaret Thatcher received the moniker Iron Lady because of her authoritarian and autocratic leadership style. Her leadership style was characterized by making the decisions and expecting her followers to follow her instructions. She needed individual control over the decisions she made. She needed to make decisions quickly so that she could accomplish what she set out to do. Margaret Thatcher came to office with one deliberate intent, To change from a dependent to a self-reliant society – from a give-it-to me, to a do-it-yourself nation. A get-up-and-go, instead of a sit-back-and-wait-for-it Britain. She had a clear passion that she believed in and she wasnt going to compromise her principals. She came into power when the economic conditions were poor and the trade unions had shut down public services. Public expenditures were out of control. With her style of leadership, she was able to take on the unions, privatized industries and put Britain back on its feet. Margaret Thatcher also exhibited a transactional style of leadership. This was evident by the hierarchal structure of the British government where she had the power and authority over those beneath her but was still accountable to those in parliament. Transactional leaders are coercive and rely on rewards and punishment as influence. Margaret Thatcher reprimanded her colleagues by making hand written notes and comments in the margins of proposals and policies when they didnt match her views or plans and went so far as to indicate it was a very poor paper and please translate into English. Transactional leadership is centered around the idea of the relationship between the leader and followers where the followers agree to obey the leader and suffer the consequences if they resist. One of Margaret Thatchers ministers was dismissed because they were against her governments economic policy. She was trying to change the status quo, and this included fighting against her ministers and the departments that were behind them. In todays work environment, transformational leadership is the most effective concept in bringing about permanent change to an organization. It is the type of leadership that followers want in an ideal leader. The ability to motivate followers with a vison, mission and values that allows followers to practice what the leader preaches. It is also fosters creativity and innovations and allows the followers to make and implement their decisions. Margaret Thatcher was unsuccessful in using transformational style of leadership due to the environment and culture at that time. Because of the uncertainty, and turmoil the country was in she had to make the choices that were best for the country. She took on a parent like role, and although she didnt motivate her followers and cabinet with it, she began the process of improving the economy and showed a commitment to her followers which led to their loyalty and trust. Had she been more of a transformational leader and listened to her ministers and advisors, there is the possibility that better solutions and maybe a broader set of options would have been available to try and may have helped her strengthen her competencies.Leadership competencies are highly dependent upon the personality and individuality of the leader. Margaret Thatcher had many competencies and skill-sets required to be a successful leader. She exhibited leadership traits such as motivation, self-confidence, ambition, decisiveness, honesty, and integrity. Her self-confidence was a definite strength, but with this self-confidence came an assertive and forceful approach to leadership. This style helped her achieve her political goals of privatization and rec overy of the economy and removing the socialist philosophy of redistribution of national wealth to a free market economy. She gained respect on the world stage and was able to have great influence around the world. But by only focusing on her strengths and not the other competencies, she had a government which only pushed her agenda and led to her inability to evaluate or acknowledge the other critical thinking and problem-solving attributes of her ministers and cabinet. She was unable to foster cohesiveness, confidence and cooperation. By motivating and inspiring others, she may have been able to test out new ideas different from her own and developed a more effective cabinet. She was definitely not a team player which is required these days in a successful organization.Effective leaders have a clear, specific objective in mind at all times. Effective leadership also requires leaders to adapt and function in high-pressure situations. Margaret Thatcher had these specific competencies and are what led her to become the Prime Minister of Great Britain. Margaret Thatcher learned to become an effective leader through her parents who set a good example of hard work, and through mentors during her education and career. Her father instilled his philosophies into his daughter including hard work and individualism and groomed her to attend university from a very young age. She worked in the grocery store from early in the morning until late in the evening including holidays except Sundays when she was required to attend church. She had several role models in her education, including one Miss Kay who inspired her to specialize in chemistry. She studied under a future Nobel winner Dorothy Hodgkin at the university. The skills she learned from her mentors helped her become the president of the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA). Thatcher became an Education Secretary under Prime Minister Edward Heath but learned what not to do from him. The people of Britain wanted a new leader and Margaret Thatcher became the new leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons. Baroness Thatcher became a member of the Lords in 1992 where she became s a spokesperson. She was molded by many throughout her childhood, education and career. When she became the Prime Minister in 1979 during a worldwide economic recession, she had specific objective in mind and was able to use her style of leadership in a high-pressure situation to effectively lead her country out of the recession . The concept of leadership, its theories, competencies and how you apply them, along with bringing about change to the organization are important lessons to learn. Margaret Thatcher was a leader who exemplifies ways to learn these lessons. She was very involved in leading change in Britain. She left a lasting legacy by envisioning a better Britain with future possibilities. She was concerned about those who would inherit it. The changes she brought, through her core values, transformed Britain. She was the first female prime minister in British history breaking the glass ceiling of a male dominated profession. She transformed the unions and education, deregulated the financial markets, increased home ownership, privatized industries, and created jobs. She left the economy in a much better shape than she found it. She was steadfast in her principals of economic freedom, individual liberty, personal responsibility, and free market democracy. She made enormous change to the country and left a lasting legacy on the world. To succeed as a leader in a demanding environment, leaders must think critically about their personal leadership philosophies, their strengths and limitations, and apply them to the situation at hand. Leaders are defined by their strength of character, life-long commitment to core values, and maintaining leadership qualities through continuous improvement, individually and institutionally. She was a tough, opinionated, capable woman who challenged gender roles and embraced her position with grace, dignity, certainty, and led Britain very capably for a lengthy term. There is no debating that Margaret Thatcher was in every sense a leader.

Mini-Case - Finance free essay sample

In this scenario, we will continue the company’s growth rate of 5%, with no change in plowback or dividends. In this scenario, price per share is determined by the current dividends, divided by (r-g) The value of the company will be equal to the present value of all future cash flows ( i. e. dividend payments) that investors expect to receive. Constant growth scenario: EPS 2013 = $ 12,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $ 30. 00 Book equity per share in 2013 = $80,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $200. 00 per share Dividends paid out per share in 2013 = $ 8,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $ 20. 00 per share Payout ratio in 2013 = $ 20. 0 (DIV2013) / $ 30 (EPS 2013) = 0. 67 Plowback ratio 2013 = $10. 00 (RE per share 2013) / $ 30. 00 (EPS 2013) = 0. 33 Sustainable growth rate = 0. 15 (rate of return) x 0. 33 (plowback ratio) = 5 % Price per share 2012 = DIV2013/(r-g) = $20/(11%-5% ) = $ 333. 33 $ 333. 33 price per share x 400,000 shares = $ 133,333,333 value of the company in 2012 P/E ratio = $ 3 33. 33( price per share) / 30 (EPS) = 11. 11 Rapid Growth Scenario: Since Price = DIV / r-g, and there are no dividends paid in the years 2013 – 2016, we can calculate the value of the company in 2016 and discount it to obtain the Present value in 2012. EPS 2017 = $21,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $52. 50 Book equity per share 2017 = $139,900,000 / 400,000 shares = $349. 75 Dividends paid out per share 2017 = $14,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $35. 00 Payout ratio in 2017 = $ 35. 00 (DIV per share 2017) / $ 52. 50 (EPS 2017) = 0. 67 Plowback ratio in 2017 = $ 17. 50 (RE in 2017) / 52. 50 (EPS in 2017) = 0. 33 Sustainable growth rate = 0. 15 (rate of return) x 0. 33 (plowback ratio) = 5 % Price per share in 2016= $35. 00 (DIV 2017) / 0. 06 (r g)= $583. 33 Let’s discount it to 2012 value: Financial calculator: FV = 583. 33 N = 4, I/Yr = 11% PV = 384. 5 – price per share in 2012 384. 25 x 400,000 shares = 153,700,000 – value of the company in 2012 under rapid growth Conclusion: Rapid growth scenario promises higher stock price, so it should be chosen. PVGO between the previous example and this one: 153,700,000 – 133,333,333 = 20,366,667 Under both scenarios, current price per share is more than $200. Now here†™s my calculations: Constant growth scenario: Assuming a 15% required return: P0 = DIV1 / (r-g) = $20 / (. 15 . 05) = $20/. 1 = $200 Assuming an 11% required return, we’ll have: P0 = DIV1 / (r-g) = $20 / (. 11 . 05) = $20/. 06 = $333. 33 In the constant growth scenario, the stock is valued at $200 if we assume a 15% expected return, and $333. 33 if we assume 11% expected return. Now, in the rapid growth scenario, things get even more exciting. I think that 2017/2020 is the horizon year, because it’s AFTER that point when the growth goes down to 5%. In paragraph 6, the problem states â€Å" would require reinvestment of all of Prairie Home’s earnings from 2016 to 2019. After that the company could resume its normal dividend payout and growth. † your book’s years:20122013201420152016201720182019 my book’s years:20152016201720182019202020212022 year #01234567 arnings growth from previous year4. 6%15%15%15%15%5%5% dividend0000$35$36. 75$38. 59 todayH NB: neither book shows 2019 or 2022, but we know that the beginning of the year figures are the same as the end of year figures for the previous year, so that’s where I got those. Ultimately, it doesn’t really matter Iâ€℠¢m just reinforcing the point that we turn into a constant growth scenario beginning with year 6. Our non-constant growth model says this: PV = D1/(1+r)1 + D2 / (1+r)2 + †¦ + DH / (1+r)H + PH / (1+r)H and we get PH with this formula: PH = Dt+1 / (r-g) The dividends for the foreseeable future (years 1 4) will all be 0, so hose first numbers will add up to 0. We know that the dividend at the horizon year year 5 is $35. The expected future price of the stock at year 5 will be: P5 = D6 / (r-g) Plugging in numbers there, we have: P5 = $36. 75 / (. 15 . 05) = $36. 75/. 1 = $367. 50 Again, that’s assuming a 15% required return. Then the third part of the process is to add up all of those numbers, discounting them to the present value: P0 = D1 + D2 + D3 + D4 + D5 / (1. 15)5 + P5 / (1. 15)5 = 0 + (35 + 367. 5) / (1. 15)5 = 402. 5/(1. 15)5 Or on the calculator: FV = 402. 50, I/YR = 15, N=5, PV = $200. 11 Then we go to the 11% required return. There, we’ll see that: P5 = D6 / (r-g) = $36. 75 / (. 11 . 05) = $612. 50 And then: P0 = D1 + D2 + D3 + D4 + D5 / (1. 11)5 + P5 / (1. 11)5 = 0 + (35 + 612. 50) / (1. 11)5 = †¦ (Calculator: FV = 647. 50, I/YR = 11, N = 5, PV = $384. 26) In the rapid growth scenario, the stock is valued at $200. 11 if we assume a 15% expected return, and $384. 26 if we assume 11% expected return. This is the point where I defer to you, or we can talk about this more tomorrow. Our math says to price the stock somewhere between $200 and $384, but how do we choose? I get the sense that you understand that better than I do, so I can use your input for sure. We believe that Prairie Home Stores should value the stock at $384. xx because we should choose the We recommend choosing the rapid growth scenario, plowback more earnings into growing the company, and set the IPO price as $384. whatever. Our prospectus will show that we intend to invest more of our earnings into growing the company over the next 4 years, and as a result investors and the market will support a price of $384. We chose to use 11% as our expected rate of return, because this is the rate shown in the Journal of Finance as being the rate offered by other, equally risky stocks in the same industry as Prairie Home Stores. The PVGO is $153,700,000 – 133,333,333 = $20,366,667. This indicates that the company has room to grow, which will be attractive to investors. Investors believe that under the rapid growth scenario. According to our calculations, Mr. Breezeway was wise to counsel his son( ) to not sell the stock for $200, as we believe that the company is worth more than current BOOK VALUE PER SHARE include something about this. $200 per the current values (this is what the whoever dude offered the son), but our calculations show that the company is more valuable than the $200 price indicates.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

There are a lot many descriptions for the word dialectic Essay Example For Students

There are a lot many descriptions for the word dialectic Essay Dialectic is a variety of languages, conceivably a sort of a composition of the languages in this variety. The word comes from Ancient Greek dialektos, which is derived from dialegesthai, meaning to discourse, converse, and talk. By this root of the word, in this context, I deduce that Dialectics is a method in which people from different walks of life, contained by different personal philosophies languages are set together to discuss on a single word, sentence, thought, topic etc. explaining their personal views supported by logical reasons defending their argument. This discussion is meant to have all the possible view points on that particular subject with in a group of people and finally to deduce a definition for the subject which is acceptable by all the individuals involved. The ultimate goal for having Dialectic seems to search for the real the truth. We will write a custom essay on There are a lot many descriptions for the word dialectic specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Socratic Dialectical Method Well for this I think first we should know what nature Socrates had, it will help us knowing the uniqueness of Socrates method. Socrates was a man of the Periclean age, which witnessed one of the periodic bankruptcies of science. Cosmological speculation, which had been boldly pursued from the beginning of the 6th century, seemed to have led to a chaos of conflicting systems of thought. People had turned away from pursue of science and concentrated themselves not with truth but with making a successful human life. In this time of chaos and individualism, Socrates was the most realistic person in sight. He was always searching for more than the meanings of things already had. He wanted proof of what was defined, proof which would give logical reasons for it self. He was an inquirer, unsatisfied and still looking for truth. Unlike others he was not self-centered, always ready to be corrected. His nature of being broad minded reflected his way of teaching people, which actually seems to be learning by them. This is the beauty of his method, called as The Socratic Dialectical Method. Procedure Socrates did not call people towards him self, he went out towards them and asked them their views instead of lecturing and forcing his thoughts on them. It was a dialogue form discussion, where individuals brought up their view points on a particular subject set by Socrates. On one side there was Socrates playing the role of the enquirer, asking the questions and on the other side the conversant with whom the conversation was being held, would submit to answer Socrates questions. It was actually a test of the beliefs one had by questioning them about it. Socrates let the other speak first and as he spoke Socrates brought up questions for him out of his arguments, picking up threads out of what he spoke. The primary question is not always the first question which is  raised more for dramatic purposes. Socrates persuades his conversant into teaching him the meaning of a virtue by the use of Socratic irony: that he does not know the truth but his friend must be wise and clever so that he can teach Socrates the meaning of virtue. The conversant answers Socrates primary questions by stating a definition that is to be examined by a number of secondary questions. The secondary questions often are intended to find internal inconsistencies in the definition or conclusions that are inconsistent with other views held by the conversant or by the majority of mankind. When Socrates explains these inconsistencies he formulates a refutation Greek: elenchos of the definition after several further attempts to define the subject, Socrates conversant admits that he does not know or that he now knows that he does not know. One by one all the participants of the discussion are questioned of their beliefs. Finally comes up Socrates himself, though to a higher extent he may be already knew the real truth about what the discussion was but now he knows also what others think. Here comes the ability to deduce out of all these the real and actual on which all will have to agree, unarguable and non-disagreeable because what it will b e, will be all and all out of what the people have spoken themselves. Now, Socrates end up the discussion with a new definition of the topic, a definition deduced by all of the peoples knowledge and his ability to scrutinize and extract the real these views contained. .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .postImageUrl , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:hover , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:visited , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:active { border:0!important; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:active , .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud37e4e4a519c98c86244b46f2a112e0b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Metropolitan Museum of Art EssayAll the way through this conversation some steps took places, which are listed below: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢ Conversation à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢ Concepts à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢ Methodological Doubt à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢ Induction à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¢ Deduction Out of these the two major approaches that help the decision are; Methodic doubt no one is right and Deduction à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" everyones right side contributes to the final right. Briefly defining notes on both follow. Methodic Doubt A way of searching for certainty, systematically, though tentatively, doubting everything. First, all statements are classified according to type and source of knowledgeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ e.g., knowledge from tradition, empirical knowledge, and mathematical knowledge. Then, examples from each class are examined. If a way can be found to doubt the truth of any statement, then all other statements of that type are also set aside as dubitable. The doubt is methodic because it assures systematic completeness, but also because no claim is made that allà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ or even that anyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ statements in a dubitable class are really false or that one must or can distrust them in an ordinary sense. The method is to set aside as conceivably false all statements and types of knowledge that are not indubitably true. The hope is that, by eliminating all statements and types of knowledge the truth of which can be doubted in any way, one will find some indubitable certainties. Deductive Approach In logic, a rigorous proof, or derivation, of one statement the conclusion from one or more statements the premisesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬ i.e., a chain  of statements, each of which is either a premise or a consequence of a statement occurring earlier in the proof. This usage is a generalization of what the Greek philosopher Aristotle called the syllogism, but a syllogism is now recognized as merely a special case of a deduction. Also, the traditional view that deduction proceeds from the general to the specific or from the universal to the particular has been abandoned as incorrect by most logicians. Some experts regard all valid inference as deductive in form and, for this and other reasons reject the supposed contrast between deduction and induction. See also axiomatic method; formal system; inference. Negative Positive Socrates procedure is a negative kind of thing-it aims to find what is wrong with a belief. If a belief fails, it obviously should be rejected-either completely, or reformulated in light of their failures. However, if a belief survives questioning, we should accept it provisionally: we dont know that it is wrong, but we also dont know that it is right. A future round of questions may be its undoing. Yet it seems to be an inductive quality and has made the Socratic Method the basic of all scientific methods today. Note: Methodic Doubt, Deductive Approach and Negative Positive, all are extracts from various sources with slight changes.

Monday, April 20, 2020

The Universe What Lies Beyond Our Planet. The Universe That We Live

The Universe ? what lies beyond our planet. The universe that we live in is so diverse and unique, and it interests us to learn about all the variance that lies beyond our grasp. Within this marvel of wonders our universe holds a mystery that is very difficult to understand because of the complications that arise when trying to examine and explore the principles of space. That mystery happens to be that of the ever clandestine, black hole. ? of the concepts, properties, and processes involved with the space phenomenon of the black hole. It will describe how a black hole is generally formed, how it functions, and the effects it has on the universe. ? take a look at the basis for the cause of a black hole. All black holes are formed from the gravitational collapse of a star, usually having a great, massive, core. A star is created when huge, gigantic, gas clouds bind together due to attractive forces and form a hot core, combined from all the energy of the two gas clouds. This e nergy produced is so great when it first collides, that a nuclear reaction occurs and the gases within the star start to burn continuously. The Hydrogen gas is usually the first type of gas consumed in a star and then other gas elements such as Carbon, Oxygen, and Helium are consumed. ? years depending upon the amount of gases there are. ? ? equilibrium achieved by itself. The gravitational pull from the core of the star is equal to the gravitational pull of the gases forming a type of orbit, however when this equality is broken the star can go into several different stages. ? consumed while some of it escapes. This occurs because there is not a tremendous gravitational pull upon those gases and therefore the star weakens and becomes smaller. It is then referred to as a White Dwarf. If the star was to have a larger mass however, then it may possibly Supernova, meaning that the nuclear fusion within the star simply goes out of control causing the star to explode. Afte r exploding a fraction of the star is usually left (if it has not turned into pure gas) and that fraction of the star is known as a neutron star. ? the core of the star is so massive (approximately 6?8 solar masses; one solar mass being equal to the sun's mass) then it is most likely that when the star's gases are almost consumed those gases will collapse inward, forced into the core by the gravitational force laid upon them. ? to pull in space debris and other type of matters to help add to the mass of the core, making the hole stronger and more powerful. ? ? the Event Horizon) that is formed around the black hole. The matter keeps within the Event Horizon until it has spun into the centre where it is concentrated within the core adding to the mass. Such spinning black holes are known as Kerr Black Holes. ? were a star, and this may cause some problems for the neighbouring stars. If a black hole gets powerful enough it may actually pull a star into it and disrupt the orbit of many other stars. The black hole could then grow even stronger (from the star's mass) as to possibly absorb another. ? Ergosphere, which sweeps all the matter into the Event Horizon, named for it's flat horizontal appearance and because this happens to be the place where mostly all the action within the black hole occurs. When the star is passed on into the Event Horizon the light that the star endures is bent within the current and therefore cannot be seen in space. At this exact point in time, high amounts of radiation are given off, that with the proper equipment can be detected and seen as an image of a black hole. Through this technique astronomers now believe that they have found a black hole known as Cygnus X1. This supposed black hole has a huge star orbiting around it, therefore we assume there must be a black hole that it is in orbit with. ? and the collapsing

Friday, April 10, 2020

How to Write a Serial Killer Sample Essay

How to Write a Serial Killer Sample EssayAre you looking for a good sample essay to write? Then you have come to the right place! Here are a few tips that will make your writing experience much easier and enjoyable.Most serial killers are not lazy. They have good brains. It's just that the time constraint makes them do less work. By taking up the challenge of writing a sample essay, they can get their thoughts down and leave their work in someone else's hands.The fact is that these guys have amazing abilities. They can do everything from think of the funniest ideas, to stop and identify the police, to knowing how to pick locks. It is for this reason that these guys are so good at what they do.So, you're now prepared to write your essay. You can start by reviewing some of the things that your character does. In the body of your essay, describe what your character does in detail. If you do this, you will make it more interesting to read.The next step is to write your sample essay. I wo uld suggest that you open a word processor and create a new document. If you're not too sure how to do this, here's a hint: Open the 'scratch pad' application.Then, put all of your details into your document, and give them the same value that you gave to your first paragraph. Don't add any extra words. You want to stick to the same format that you used in your first paragraph.This is the best way to write an essay. Make sure that you do not delete anything that was used in your first paragraph.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Summary On The Raven Essays - Poetry By Edgar Allan Poe, Free Essays

Summary On The Raven Essays - Poetry By Edgar Allan Poe, Free Essays Summary On The Raven Edger Allen Poes poems are best known for their haunting themes. For example in the poem The Raven which was published in 1845 seemed to be filled with melancholy and thoughts of death. Poe makes use of symbolism in the poem The Raven. On line 3 Poe writes, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there comes a tapping, I think thats a sign that this entire poem takes place while he is in the state of unconscious (dreaming). Again on lines 37 & 38 he writes, Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately raven of the saintly days of yore, I believe that the raven symbolizes some after life figure. On lines 81,82 S Poe cries, Wretch, I cried, thy god hath lent thee- by these angels he hath sent thee Respite- respite and nepenthe, from thy memories of Lenore! Quoth the Raven, Nevermore, here it is clear that the Raven who reiterates, Nevermore, in Poes dream has been sent to help him relinquish his thoughts of Lenore.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Antigone Essays

Antigone Essays Antigone Essay Antigone Essay Essay Topic: Antigone Antigone BY bb0Y310 Antigone by Sophocles is an interesting play that I enjoyed reading. It was something different for me since I dont ever read plays. After reading the play I thought this story would fit under a feminist approach, until I fully began to understand and analyze each character of the play. In this paper I will discuss how the major events of Antigone can be analyzed through the psychological approach point of view. I as well read each critic about Antigone and found some similarity and dissimilarity opinions about the play. I will also discuss rather if I agree or not with the critics on Antigone. It is a great play that I am looking forward to analyzing. My favorite character in the play is Antigone. I know that she is a strong young girl who believes in what is right must be done, even if it means breaking the law and going against her uncle Creon. If it means risking her life to give her brother Polynices a proper burial she is willing to do it. Using the psychological approach I thought about what would influence Antigone to be so brave and risk her life. In the episodes the characters will talk with each other and the chorus, whilst the stasimon is the chorus chance to comment on the previous dialogue from the episode. The exodus is performed after the final stasimon and marks the end of the play. It is the opposite of the opening prologue as it reveals the outcome of the play. Antigone follows the conventional format of an Ancient Greek play precisely. I think that Antigone was set out in the conventional way because although Sophocles wished to be innovative if he had changed the structure of the play the audiences would not have understood what was happening. The Ancient Athenians had become accustomed to the general layout of a play and had not developed a mind for different dramatic structures which todays modern audiences possess. Conventions of Tragedy * The conventions of tragedy came mostly from a Greek critic and thinker called Aristotle. He created the manuscript The Poetics which discusses what should be included in a play in order for it to qualify as tragic. In an Ancient Greek play deaths and violence would occur off stage. Death in Ancient Greece was a very sensitive subject and Aristotle believed that death and violence would not bring any good emotions out of audience. Examples of this in the play are: Antigones, Haemons and Eurydices passing away. * Tiresias is another typical convention of tragedy which Sophocles includes. Tiresias is a blind prophet known in Ancient Greek as a Soothsayer. He has the ability to see events occurring in the feature and knows what the best course of action is. In Antigone he advises Creon what to do and warns him of the tragedy which is about to occur. The Soothsayer is important to the play as it shows the audience that some men have special powers, are wise and should be respected. When Creon disregards Tiresias and encounters trouble, Sophocles scares the audience and promotes respect for such elders. * Sophocles includes a death count at the end of his play. He does this to summarise the play and emphasize the loss of life encountered as a result of bad leadership. This caused the audience to ponder on issues that the play presented which was promoted by Aristotle. He believed that the audience should be emotionally involved with the play and he called this catharsis. He thought that if an audience was emotionally involved in a play with a great character it would benefit the audience. Antigone ends in an unsentimental way showing harsh disregard for Creons loss. Creon was warned several times what he should have done but did not listen. This unwillingness to change or listen was not promoted by the government or Aristotle. To be cruel to Creon the ending is very straight forward in detailing what will happen to him: he will just have to deal with his losses. This means that the audience do not sympathise, which was Aristotles goal * Aristotle believed that a great Tragedy should show the downfall of man. It was believed in Ancient Greece arrogant people would fail in life. This downfall as a result of arrogance was known as Hubris. Creon suffers from Hubris as he is unwilling to look at others perspectives or heed their advice. This complemented Aristotles ideology that events should progress from good to worse because of the bad choices made by characters. This is seen in Creon when at the beginning the good event is being crowned king, the bad event is the death of three people and his bad choice is ignoring other peoples advice. Chorus Sophocles plays were sometimes hard to comprehend. For this reason he uses the chorus to summarise complex pieces of plot. When Creon and Haemon are setting out their opinions on women their speeches are very long. The chorus then condense the main parts of the speech to an easily digestible chunk for the audience. Although the story is very compelling, an audience might have lost concentration in some parts. Therefore the chorus performances were more visually enticing to hold the audiences attention. For example in the stasimons the chorus do not simply restate the plot, they use visual words to stimulate the audiences mind into thinking about the play and its values: The chorus was seen as a secretive sect attached to a play: they were the wise elders who knew why characters were doing what they did. The chorus did not reveal their secrets often, so the audience was very attentive, trying to listen for a slip of valued words. One such occurrence is when Eurydices leaves to commit suicide. The chorus wonders aloud: What could it mean? The womans gone inside. The chorus knows why she has gone inside but they are prompting the audience to think about the significance of her action. Another interaction that the Chorus takes with characters is when they directly ask questions. For example the chorus asks Creon: Are you really planning to kill both of them? The chorus is doing two things here: questioning motives and attempting to clarify the ambiguity of the situation for the audience who cannot ask questions. The Chorus is wise as they have the ability to see both sides of an argument. In this way they act as ambassadors trying to be diplomatic in acknowledging the good points of each side. When Creon and Haemon are discussing the role of women (p 28 -31) the chorus pick out that Creon is very wise whilst they also acknowledge Haemons good thinking. The Chorus set a different tone and ambiance than the characters by providing a break from the action which occurs in the episodes, by performing choral stasimons. This break also allows Sophocles to vary his literary language. Whereas characters speak very literally and direct about issues, the chorus intergrate the gods, astrology and more out of the box ideas to issues. Therefore the audience not only receives a break from the action they are seeing but also from the one style of language used by the characters. Types of character used Antigone Antigone is like a modern day activist fighting the good cause. She knows that she is up against a great power but continues her crusade, much like a martyr, because she knows in her heart that she is right. An audience relating to Antigone on the stage through catharsis would find that Antigone is faced with internal conflict. This might have been what some men visiting the theatre were feeling too. However, some men who did not like women might have found that Antigone was enraging. Men might not have been aware that their women could cause so much havoc and as a result given them less freedom. Tiresias The Soothsayer adds to the progression of good fortune to misfortune in the story. In his quest to do right he aggravates Creon and is therefore pitied by the audience for trying to do what is best. Tiresias however is not weak and stands up for himself. The soothsayer is the underdog in the eyes of the audience but in himself knows what he is doing is correct. Under catharsis, audience members would have been encouraged to give wise words to people they know. The audience would be encouraged to help all people even when those people are causing havoc. Creon The lead protagonist who progresses the tragedy in Antigone as he shows his downfall is due to the bad decisions he makes. He represents the audience members who have made a few bad decisions which have been catastrophic. He also represents the people in an unfortunate situation; Creon does love his niece but cannot pardon her just because she is family. Audience members who have been in similar situations would be able to associate themselves with Creon and learn from his mistakes. Tension Dramatic tension is built in the conflict which occurs between characters. It is a gradual build up with characters first giving an introductory speech. One person then gives their main speech which builds tension for the opponent. The same occurs for the other person and by the end of that speech both characters are negatively charged. The characters then begin their conflict in the form of a stichomythic exchange. The tension comes to its apex when either the character is sent away or leaves at free will. This tension is then reduced by the pursuing choral odes which try to give a more balanced and calmer view of what has just been said. How to create a political drama? Two groups were formed to create a political drama. The stimulus for my groups drama was derived from local influences. As we live in the Middle East we decided that we would base our drama on a country which is very similar to Ancient Thebes: Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is ruled by a King, its women are oppressed and do not have the same rights as men and there is often scandal in the kingdom. Most of these scandals arise from conflict between men and women. The men try to keep the familys name clean and respected whilst the women are trying to get their rights. One of our main stimuli was the book Princess: A True Story of Life behind the Veil in Saudi Arabia by Jean P. Sasson. We decided that the play would be formed as similar to Antigone as possible. We tried to create a tragic play by having the main role an expatriate woman whose choice between saving her daughters life and doing nothing lands her in a lot of trouble. We attempted to make the play naturalistic to give the audience an accurate insight into the life of a woman in Saudi Arabia. We did this by studying Saudi culture in depth, especially how to pray, and by talking about what we thought life was like. This was aided by one member of our group who had actually lived in Saudi Arabia as an expatriate. We used theatrical devices such as chanting and masks to create our typical Saudi family. This was done to show that members of a Saudi family are meant to all be of the same mind frame. We then used erratic, inconsistent babble to show the real picture. This was done to emphasize that sometimes people cannot conform to the norms of society and believe in their own ideas. Our play was structured, like Antigone, mostly in chronological order with exceptions for referring to incidents which occurred in the past. The structure of our play was the only area where we deviated from the typical of Antigone. The structure was modernised to satisfy the modern audiences need for a bit more action. We showed violence on the stage as we felt that this would keep the audiences attention. Our work related to Antigone in that the central character was stuck between abiding by the rules of the land and doing what she knew as right. However, our play was not submerged in the political unlike Antigone. Our family were not in any way associated with a political ruling, but were only concerned about family reputation, a high importance to most families in the country. Therefore our character suffered mostly from personal conflict and not political conflict. Creating the play made me realise that Sophocles form and structure for Antigone was ingenious. He obviously thought out everything thoroughly and devoted a lot of his time perfecting his plays. Our play was good mostly because it dealed with a taboo subject which is rarely discussed in the area. I think, however, that if our play was on any other subject we would not have been able to retain the audiences attention. Antigone Essays Antigone Paper Antigone Paper In the tradition of all great Greek tragedies, Sophocles created a masterpiece when he wrote the play Antigone.The play contains a similar plot to a tragedy such as Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet because the play focuses on what lengths people go to when they cannot be with the ones they love.The play begins on a down note because the main character, Antigone, and her sister Ismene are the daughters of the exiled Oedipus whose luck was ill fated after he married his mother and killed his father. Antigone is upset because her brother Polyneices was killed and his body was left to rot.Her sister does not support Antigones decision to have a proper burial for their brother and she is afraid of what Creon, who is the ruler of Thebes, wrath will be.Antigone is in engaged to Haemon, the son of Creon.Antigone follows through with her plan to her brother and this angers Creon.Creon decision is to exile Antigone to a cave for life and spare Ismene.Haemon begs his father to spare Antigone but his pleading does not work and Haemon vows to never see his father again. Teiresias, the blind prophet, enters .He warns Creon that the gods side with Antigone.Creon accuses Teiresias of being corrupt, and Teiresisas responds that because of Creons mistakes, he will lose one child for the crimes of leaving Polyneices unburied and putting Antigone into the earth.All of Greece will despise him, and the sacrificial offerings of Thebes will not be accepted by the gods.The chorus asks Creon to take their advice and to bury Polyneices and save Antigone.Creon agrees to do this but before he can, a messenger tells Creon and his wife Eurydice that Haemon and Antigone have both taken their lives.Eurydice disappears and Creon goes to visit his sons body.Creon mourns because he realizes his actions have caused these events.Another messenger arrives to tell Creon that his wife has killed herself and with her last dying breath she h