Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Advertising the good and bad Essay - 1193 Words

Advertising is a persuasive communication attempt to change or reinforce one’s prior attitude that is predictable of future behavior. We are not born with the attitudes for which we hold toward various things in our environment. Instead, we learn our feelings of favorability or unfavorability through information about the object through advertising or direct experience with the object, or some combination of the two. Furthermore, the main aim of advertising is to ‘persuade’ to consumer in order to generate new markets for production. â€Å"Advertising is far from impotent or harmless; it is not a mere mirror image. Its power is real, and on the brink of a great increase. Not the power to brainwash overnight, but the power to create subtle and†¦show more content†¦Without advertising, the media (including newspaper, television, and radio) would be much less vigorous. Advertising provides revenue for commercial mediums, which would otherwise need to be funded by the actual consumer of these mediums. For instance, a newspaper would cost up to three times as much money because advertising provides two-thirds of the revenue of the print media, and all television, bar government funded networks, would be pay-TV (since nearly ALL revenue for television is provided by advertising, while the consumer provides no financial support except for providing the service of watching the advertised messages). So we can see a major economic infrastructure based around advertising. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;However, with every positive side comes a negative, and advertising is no different. Advertising has been blamed for a great variety of negative social impacts. One of the major criticisms received by advertising is that it forces people to buy things they don’t really need, often projecting negative emotions such as fear, anxiety of guilt upon the consumer (Engel). It is claimed that advertising plays with our basic human emotions and takes advantage of them, using them as merely another technique to sell goods or services. Advertising also encourages people to buy products by making them think that purchasing and consuming are the majorShow MoreRelatedThe Good and Bad Side of Advertising1657 Words   |  7 Pages Compare and Contrast the ‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ side of Advertising PLAN TITLE: Compare and contrast the ‘good’ side and ‘bad’ side of advertising. PATTERN: Block Format INTRODUCTION CONTEXT: Communal Issue SUBJECT: Advertisements LIMITED SUBJECT: ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side ISSUE: compare, contrast THESIS: It states the similarities and differences but in emphasis on ‘good’ and ‘bad’ side of advertising. Similarities- â€Å"Good† side of Advertising Paragraph 1: Creates deep impression. Example: Hyundai CommercialsRead MoreAdvertising: the Good and Bad Essay1187 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising is a persuasive communication attempt to change or reinforce ones prior attitude that is predictable of future behavior. We are not born with the attitudes for which we hold toward various things in our environment. Instead, we learn our feelings of favorability or unfavorability through information about the object through advertising or direct experience with the object, or some combination of the two. Furthermore, the main aim of advertising is to ‘persuade to consumer in order toRead MoreThe Effects Of Advertising On A Good And A Bad Way Essay1661 Words   |  7 Pagespublicity, advertising and sales promotion. Advertising is one of the most popular methods of product promotion. It is a non-personal communication to current and prospective customers to inform, persuade or convince them to purchase a product. â€Å"It has been favoured by most producers due to its l ow cost per contact and its ability to influence customers and increase market share† (Marks and Kamins 267). Many organisations have benefited to a great extent in building a brand using advertising. CriticsRead MoreThe Harmful Effects of Advertising on Society982 Words   |  4 Pagessociety many people see advertising as harmful in many different ways. With today’s society image is everything, and advertising uses this to their advantage. Advertising uses this as a way to make insecure people buy products they do not need. Many advertisements that are seen today on television, billboards, newspaper, and magazines are indeed harmful to our eyes and brain. Many of them make people feel like crap, that you dont have this car or that house or that body. Advertising is harmful to societyRead MoreP1/P2 Creative Product Promotion Describe the Promotional Mix Used by Two Selected Organisations for a Selected Product/Service1372 Words   |  6 PagesCoca-Cola is the worldâ €™s most favourite and most profitable drink from 1886. PROMOTIONAL MIX Advertising – Coca-Cola uses one of the most modern and popular advertising. Christmas advertisment most popular and Coca-Cola uses Santa Clause because he is with red suit and a white beard and he did not always look that way as Coca-Cola advertising shaped him like that. They use different types of advertising such as: * Print ads * Radio * Television * Billboards * Banners *Read MoreWhy Launch an Advertising Campaign1542 Words   |  7 PagesWhy Launch An Advertising Campaign To start off, when your company is just becoming established in the British market, consumers will have no knowledge of your product, we must encourage or persuade the consumer to buy your product. To make customers aware of the product we must advertise. Large scale advertising mainly consists of advertising on TV, Radio, newspapers and other large scale media. This ensures that advertising reaches the largest amount of people in the shortest amount of time. ItRead MoreResearch And Writing Interest Paper867 Words   |  4 Pagesmight be touched by a wonderful ad and then purchases the goods. Instead, we might be bored or offended by an ad, then we will boycott it. So I think it is important to know about the customer’s taste and what they are degaussing with. Furthermore, there are billions of successful ads, yet, some advertisements did not make it. The unsuccessful add may let the goods or even brands died with it. So I want to find out common errors among bad ads, any analysis their disadvantages. Sometimes an ad mayRead MoreDecisions that Determine the Success of a Business942 Words   |  4 Pagesmake a business successful. A business’ success can be valued on how much profit a business makes. In business, you earn profit by selling products and services to customers who are willing to buy. Qualities needed in business are determination, math, good decision making skills, and many other attributes. Decisions are an important part of business. The complex process of decisions that make up a business include location, budget, choosing what industry you should go into which is based on demographicsRead MoreThe Canadian Philosopher Of Communication Theory1533 Words   |  7 PagesThe Canadian philosopher of communication theory, Marshall McLuhan, once said that â€Å"advertising is the greatest art form of the 20th century†. Indeed, we are exposed to numerous advertisements every day. They come at us in many different forms and ways through TV screens, billboard s, magazines, web pages, door-to-door sales, and even radio. Advertisements are not fundamentally bad, but a lot of them use manipulative tactic and tricks which influence us in ways we do not even realize. Even thoughRead MoreHow Advertisers Gear Their Advertisements Towards Children968 Words   |  4 Pagessays it is okay gearing advertisements towards children, and another that says it is not okay. I am on the side that says it is not okay to target children in advertising. The reason being is because it can lead to undisciplined children, money problems, and bad habits in life. On the other side, people agree that targeting children are a good thing. They say this because it teaches them a compromise, promotes creativity, economic benefits, a positive social influence, and educational benefits (Lush

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Stock Market Consists Of Large And Small Companies

The stock market consists of large and small companies in where they put up small portions of their businesses to sell to investors. Investors across the world venture off into the stock market world in order to have a piece of ownership within the companies on the market. There are various options in the commodity market and there have been several cases in where securities fraud along with other white collar crimes have occurred. White Collar crimes are known as crimes considered to be nonviolent but are done to victims for a financial gain. A type of white collar crimes is considered to be securities fraud, it is usually done within the stock market by certain persons in either boiler rooms or large corporations. In the stock markets†¦show more content†¦Should the stock brokers involved in these crimes towards large groups of people be punished more severely? This paper will go into detail with how securities fraud can occur within the stock markets by a man who is curr ently making thousands telling his story after doing time for his white collar crimes. When it comes to white collar crimes caused by people in a higher economic status, the stories are portrayed to see the men in as glorious or intelligent to be able to pull off such schemes in where they earned millions. When it comes to what securities fraud actually entails, it is said that it is a crime where any person dealing within the stock markets causes or coerces someone else to invest their money towards the stocks being sold or about to be sold. In being sold to buy these stocks over the phone based off of information that could have been made up literally two minutes before the phone call is made is in violation of securities law within the stock market or the commodities markets. The term securities fraud can also be recognized along the lines of stock fraud and investment fraud as well. The crime can be committed by various types of groups of people including large corporations, brokerage firms, stockbrokers and as well as individuals on their own. In saying individuals on their own being able to commit securities fraud it is where they venture off themselves away from a company and would create a boilerShow MoreRelatedFrim Specific Return Prediction 763 Words   |  3 Pageslevel mon thly share prices, turnover and paid-up value data on KSE over eleven year period – January 2002 through December 2012 is collected from the websites of â€Å"Business Recorder and Karachi Stock Exchange† that are authentic sources of information. The data consists of monthly share prices of a large sample of 300 firms of 132 months. For risk free rate of return interest rate on 6-month Treasury bond is used. Accounting data has been collected from various bulletins of â€Å"balance sheet analysis†Read MoreRelationship Between Corporate Performance And Board886 Words   |  4 Pagesthe finest article that spoke about importance of independence non-executive directors for firm efficiency and economic growth in the context of Irish firms. Also emphasis on having small and large boards. Q2. : The main research problem is, what types of board structure are optimal from perspective of maximizing stock holders wealth in Ireland. Subproblems of this paper listed below: a) Whether firm size has moderating impact on the relation between firm performance and board size. Specifically whetherRead MoreFund Overview : Fidelity Contrafund1065 Words   |  5 Pagesinvestments of $5oo. The average quarterly total return of FCNTX (equity with income) is 13.30 per cent since inception, which means if invested $100 in the Q1 of 1967 when the company started up, $34,525.10 dollars will be returned in 2015 Q3, and the gain has been expanded by 34,425%. The Fidelity Contrafund, which focus on the stock of U.S. and contributed to the swift growth of the funds for the past few years, is operated by Fidelity Investment and firstly made its debut in 1967. William Danoff, theRead MoreValue and Growth Stocks973 Words   |  4 Pagescorporation is divided into shares is called Stock. The person who owns a stock is a shareholder. The major shareholders of the corporation elect board of directors. The shareholders would not have direct control because, in a corporation, direct control and ownership are often separate. Board of directors makes rules on how the corporation should run and delegates the decision making to corporate management team. The Corporate management team will consists of Chief executive officer (CEO) and ChiefRead MoreThe Stock Market1416 Words   |  6 Pagesthe needs and wants of consumers and namely, the Stock Market. The Stock Market is nothing more than a global network of organised market places where everyday lar ge sums of money are moved across. As of 2013, over $85 trillion AUD (or â‚ ¬60 trillion) are traded in the Stock Market. This amount of money is more than the cost of all goods and services in the entire world economy. However, this is just a simplified statement. In truth, the Stock Market is a highly complicated concept that can be affectedRead MoreMarketing Pl Albrecht Capital Will Be Represented By A Certified Public Accounting Firm998 Words   |  4 Pagesthe capital is allocated within the company in order to stay compliant with the standards set forth by the United States Government. It will detail management fees and compensation that the fund brings in so Albrecht Capital maintains a solid standing in the public image. All U.S. laws and regulations will be followed in order to keep our business intact with a solid public image. Marketing Plan Product- As stated earlier in this business plan the fund will consist of two separate investment choicesRead MoreWhy I Will Invest An Investor1505 Words   |  7 Pagesabout what I will invest in, I think it would be crucial for me to talk about me personally as an investor. As an investor I am not afraid to loss today if I feel I will make more tomorrow. Meaning I am willing to go through the volatility of the market if I feel like I will come out ahead in the end. For my goals, the first one is an obvious one of making more money then I happened to start out with. Another goal is to find funds that will make the most amount of money over the entire 30 years notRead MoreEssay on Financial Management Integrated Case 2 Answers1381 Words   |  6 Pagesthose who need it in one of three ways: †¢ Direct transfers: occur when a business sells its stocks or bonds directly to savers without going through any type of financial institution. This is used primarily by small firms and doesn’t raise much capital. †¢ Transfers also can go through an investment bank that underwrites the issue, or serves as middleman/facilitator. The company sells its stocks or bonds to the investment bank, which then sells these same securities to savers. Because newRead MoreTracking Performance Via Financial Statements1309 Words   |  6 PagesTracking Performance via Financial Statements Financial statements are the lifeblood of publicly traded companies, investors use the information provided on all these statements to determine whether they should place their money and trust in this company or a competitor. The information on these statements, by law, must be truthful and precise for the given reporting periods; this means that a silver-tongued executive can only have so much of an effect on investor confidence. Investors are encouragedRead MoreFund Overview : Fidelity Contrafund1359 Words   |  6 Pagesinvestments of $5oo. The average quarterly total return of FCNTX (equity with income) is 13.30 per cent since inception, which means if invested $100 in the Q1 of 1967 when the company started up, $34,525.10 dollars will be returned in 2015 Q3, and the gain has been expanded by 34,425%. The Fidelity Contrafund, which focus on the stock of U.S. and contributed to the swift growth of the funds for the past few years, is operated by Fidelity Investment and firstly made its debut in 1967. William Danoff, the

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Technology Friend or Foe - 2164 Words

Eng 102 3/28/12 TECHNOLOGY - FRIEND OR FOE? Until recently, I had always accepted technology as a wonderful friend, but after doing some in depth reading and research on the topic I found that technology also has its draw -backs. Through research I found that technology has been nothing more than a journey of trial and error. In my research I discovered what I choose to call the dark side of technology. Everyday household conveniences, transportation, and modern medicine are all products of technology that are an integral part of our society. More often than not these products and services are viewed as assets or friends of our society .and the draw-backs are often overlooked And why not ? We are a Convenience oriented society,†¦show more content†¦And yet with each mechanical genius comes an inevitable amount of deaths and tragedies from which no one is immune (Florman 111). When I was a young girl, my family and I, in the safety of our own family car. took a trip to Tombstone, Arizona to capture a little of the Old West while it still existed. The trip being a spur of the moment decision, didnt give us much time but to put together some sandwiches and soda pops then head out for Tombstone. We witnessed a real gunfight and a stage coach robbery, we even had a genuine cowboy dinner. We enjoyed the old western atmosphere, and were disappointed when it came time to leave. We then headed for the nearest gas station and fueled up before heading home. It was already past sunset and we children drifted off to sleep with happy thoughts of the day. I remember waking up to the feeling of weightlessness like that of a roller coaster ride. we were flying off the freeway at high speed, when I finally realized that we were going to crash. I felt a hard blow and was knocked unconscious. When I came to I found myself trapped in the car which was now upside down , and all I could hear was screaming and crying all around me. it seemed like hours had passed before help had arrived. It wasn t until then that I felt something warm flowing down my face. It was blood from my aunt Maria who wasShow MoreRelatedTechnology Friend Or Foe?1280 Words   |  6 PagesDecember 2, 2014 Technology—Friend or Foe? Over time, technology has evolved in ways that people living 50 years ago would have never imagined in their wildest dreams. There have been countless technological advancements that have changed peoples’ lives and the way that society functions. It is difficult to even picture a world without technology. Many of us have our entire lives saved on our phone or computer. Our lives have become so dependent on it that the use of such technology comes naturallyRead MoreModern Technology: a Friend or a Foe?1572 Words   |  7 PagesModern Technology: A friend or a foe? Paolo A. Pantaleon 2-7 â€Å"Were changing the world with technology† (Gates). In this modern world, many people can’t survive without the aid of modern technology. Do you remember when people used to send messages through the use of the â€Å"pony express†? Or when people used to get up from their couch to change the channel of the television? I can’t imagine how people could live without modern technologies such as cell phones, internet, and many more. TechnologyRead MoreEssay on Technology: Friend or Foe?2221 Words   |  9 PagesTechnology: Friend or Foe? There are many differing opinions on the advancement of technology but there are really two main sides to the issue. One side is enthusiastic and ready for new progress and change, while the other side can see the value of technology but is more cautious and wary of the changes technology brings to society as a whole. These sides are simplified but useful for looking at the extreme ends of the issues in order to see the balance between the two. What is technologyRead MoreTechnology: Friend or Foe Essay2092 Words   |  9 Pagessurprise that technology is rapidly taking over the world, and defining the day to day lives we live. As humans we are constantly engaged in some form of technology. However, the role of technology in early childhood classroom is a growing and controversial topic. The bottom line question for most teachers is whether or not computer based technology is developmentally appropriate for early childhood students, and if they benefit from using computers as a prima ry learning tool. Technology is the branchRead MoreTechnologies: a Friend or a Foe? - Argumentative Essay871 Words   |  4 PagesOctober 2012 2012106211 / A1A Argumentative Essay Technologies: A Friend or A Foe? Our world is constantly becoming modernized through technologies. It is use by people to improve the way they live for their everyday living. It changed other aspects of our everyday life such as work and leisure time activities. Through technologies, it helps us in changing our lives and shaping our future rapidly. Technology is important to us but at the same time it is risky and harmful whenRead MoreSocial Media And Its Impact On Society873 Words   |  4 PagesWith today’s advanced technology of the 21st century, we now have a wide range of access to information through social media. We can now stay updated with current topics and events going on around the world and become educated with just a click, or tap, to a social media application. Many people assume that social media are our friend and that social media is a great thing to have. But, what these people fail to realize is that social media is really our enemy, our foe. Where do I stand with socialRead MoreGm Food Pros and Cons1022 Words   |  5 Pagescontinued at Davos in such panels as 21st Century Food Fights and Should We Be Frightened By Food? - but it won t end there, not by a long shot. The GM food debate is increasingly dividing public opinion - and countries. The potential of the new technology seems promising, but it s hard to know at what, if any, risk. The debate over genetically modified (GM) organisms could look like an excuse for yet another trade battle between the US and Europe, joining the ranks of bananas and beef. The debateRead MoreRfid Technology For The Consumer And The Producer Alike1260 Words   |  6 PagesTechnology is quickly evolving and changing our everyday tasks. The next big thing is RFID technology. RFID, also known as Radio Frequency Identification Device, is making it easier for the consumer to pay without swiping their card or without signing. Many already know RFID as pay-pass where you simply wave your credit card over an RFID transmitter to pay for purchases. There are many benefits and cons to this new technology for the consumer and the producer alike. RFID has been around longer thanRead MoreEssay On Growing Membership1338 Words   |  6 Pagesbelieve the same concept holds true to the Eagles as they are threatened to lose the backbone of their membership. To me, the Fraternity serves as a throwback of prior generations of strong Unions and dedicated workers. As with Delongs (2004) discovery, FOE depends on retention strategy to retain its boomer membership. A major issue with losing membership results in loss of the many charity funded medical programs The Eagles support. These aforementioned programs affect more than just baby boomers. WithRead MoreNuclear Power: Dangerous Nemesis or Trusted Ally1158 Words   |  5 Pagesadditional Nuclear power plants, or any other forms of alternative energy (Boyer). While nuclear energy is clean, and reasonably secure method of providing abundant amounts of energy; many communities still have concerns over the safety of this technology, this anxiety has brought the construction of new nuc lear power stations to a virtual standstill in the U.S Next came the 1986 Chernobyl accident in the former U.S.S.R. The nuclear disaster is the worst in all of human history killing fifty people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Multiple Personalities Disorder Analysis - 1037 Words

Multiple Personality Disorders (MPD), or what has been re-classified, Dissociative Idenitfy Disorder (DID), is a deliberating and frightening illness for the DID individual; as well as their friends and family. The meaning of DID (Dissoiative Idenity Disorder) usually means that a person has more than two self-states or identities, which often times appear like entirely different personalities. When one is under the control of one identity, the person usually is unable to remember some of the events, but is able to keep other personalities in control. A well-known girl with multiple personalities is one of many victims of this diagnosis. Many psychiatrist studied her behaviors, and learned from the documented history of her behaviors.†¦show more content†¦Some Physical differences each alter within a multiple have their own history, personalities that are unique to them, body movements, facial expressions, how they express their communication verbally, also tone and pitch. Another indicator of a symptom of (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder, is handwriting style differences. Time loss is another symptom. The final symptom of (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder is depression that includes suicide and self-mutilation. With self-mutilation, it includes body memories and nightmares. This symptom is the most common in the breakdown of symptoms. This disorder is typically treated with therapy and psychotropic medication. This medication must be carefully monitored. Some of these people who suffer from this disorder, believe that have multiple personalities which they then take on a life of their own within the individual. Their personality is the sum of these identities, which have been split off at some point in the past. This split usually causes multiple traumatic events to the individual. There are many different ways to act towards someone with (MPD) Multiple Personality Disorder. 1.) Someone emphasizing, even if its difficult to imagine having alters. 2.) A person with dissociative identity disorder that might feel like he or she loses time or left in a dark place when their alter idenitities are in control. 3.) Do not trivialize someone with (MPD) Multiple PersonalityShow MoreRelatedSybil: Movie Analysis [Multiple Personality Disorder]1547 Words   |  7 PagesA. DSM IV CRITERIA DSM-IV-TR Criteria for Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative identity disorder. Presence of two or more identities or personalities that take control of the person’s behavior; loss of memory for important personal information. B. DESCRIPTION OF THE CHARACTER INFLICTED WITH THE PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER Sybil Dorsett, the character in the movie inflicted with the psychiatric disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), is a very simple woman who due to her love for paintingRead MoreThe Secret Window And Dissociative Identity Disorder1096 Words   |  5 PagesThe Secret Window and Dissociative Identity Disorder The Secret Window is a film released in 2004 directed by David Koepp and written by Stephen King. The main issue in this film is one of a psychological basis which keeps the audience on their toes and maybe even slightly confused until all of the pieces fit together at the end of the film. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the psychological issue that plagues the main character, Mort Rainey (portrayed by Johnny Depp), and identify anyRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder Essay1635 Words   |  7 PagesMultiple Personality Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a mental disease that exists in about one percent of the population. Much research supports the existence of this disease and its origins, causes and effects on the people in who suffer with it. This essay will clearly define Multiple Personality Disorder along with a detailed synopsis of the disease itself. The diagnosis, alter personalities, different treatments and views will indicate the disease is real. The AmericanRead MoreThe Three Faces Of Eve Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pagesintended to inform its reader about Multiple Personality Disorder and whether it is fact or fiction. This paper was intended to be contrived after watching the film â€Å"The Three Faces of Eve†, directed by Nunnally Johnson in 1957. The star of the film, Joanne Woodard, portrays the title character Eve White, who acts through the separate personalities of Eve White, Eve Black, and Jane. Despite the doctors in the film being able to explain Multiple Personali ty Disorder, the question still arises today asRead MoreDissociative Identity Disorder And Multiple Personality Disorder1384 Words   |  6 PagesDissociative Identity Disorder (DID for short and popularly known as multiple personality disorder) is one of the more fascinating and simultaneously terrifying of the formal mental disorders. Probably due in part to DID’s fantastic, almost unbelievable nature, it is also one of the more controversial disorders that has been formally included in the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). In the most recent DSM, DSM-5, the signature criteria for DID is the â€Å"disruption of identityRead MoreSummary Of Me, Myself, And Essay1485 Words   |  6 PagesMe, Myself Irene Dissociative Disorder Jose Lugo, Jacob Rose, and Arturo Valdez Eagle Pass High School Abstract The movie Me, Myself Irene gives a great example of the Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). The disorder is displayed by the main character Charlie, a cop, and has an alter named Hank. Charlie and Hank are in the same body, but have completely different personalities. This is exactly what DID is defined as, but there are some inaccuracies throughout that have a different, moreRead MoreThe Psychodynamic Perspective Of Sigmund Freud1276 Words   |  6 Pagescomplex and related in some way to sex, and largely hidden from our conscious mind and this is believed to be the driving force. In addition, this perspective believes in the concept of a tripartite personality’ the ID, EGO and SUPEREGO, as proposed by Freud. The ID is the first part of the personality to develop, and being the unconscious aspect that reflects our true wants and desires and which has no respect for what is socially/morally acceptable. The unconscious forms a large part of our mentalRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder1423 Words   |  6 Pagesfrom reality, just mild like when we daydream, delve into a good book or become engrossed with a project. But then after that, we do still come back to reality. However, some people are diagnosed with a dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). This differ from mild dissociation that all of us commonly experience. People who have this live a fairly complicated life. Sadly, people who have this experience traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse duringRead MoreMultiple Personality Disorder1415 Wo rds   |  6 Pagesfrom reality, just mild like when we daydream, delve into a good book or become engrossed with a project. But then after that, we do still come back to reality. However, some people are diagnosed with a dissociative identity disorder or the popular multiple personality disorder (MPD). This differ from mild dissociation that all of us commonly experience. People who have this live a fairly complicated life. Sadly, people who have this experience traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse duringRead MoreDefinition of Psychology1625 Words   |  7 Pagesin a systematic an observational manner. Techniques that are commonly used by behavior analysis would include chaining, prompting, and shaping (Cherry 2007). Chaining is when you break down a specific task into smaller components. When trying to trigger a response in a person this would be called prompting. Shaping involves changing or altering ones behavior until your desired behavior is found. Behavior ana lysis is a proven effective learning technique for helping children with developmental delays

What Are Blackjack And Why Is It Linked For Math

Blackjack Table of Contents Abstract 1 Introduction 1.1 What is blackjack and why is it linked to math? 1.1.1 Hitting and standing at the right time 1.1.2 Predicting cards in the deck to make the best decision 1.2 Ground rules during the game 1.2.1 Normal Casino rules 1.2.2 My rules 1.3 Flow of the game 1.3.1 Handing out cards 1.3.2 Making decision whether to hit/stay/fold 1.3.3 Settling a win in a tie game 2 Decision making using basic strategy 2.1 Holding cards lower than or equal to 17 2.1.1 Hitting situation The margin that a player should hit according to dealer’s card Statistical proof to analysis the margin 2.1.2 Standing situation The margin that a player should stand according to dealer’s card Statistical proof to analysis the margin 2.2 Holding cards higher than 17 2.2.1 Absolute standing 2.2.2 Hitting situation Avoid hit as much as possible 2.1.2 Standing situation Why holding at least 17 favors the player the most? 3 Decision making using card counting 3.1 Card Counting 3.1.1 How memorizing cards that have been consumed can benefit player? 3.2 High low method 3.1.1 How it functions Low cards (+1) Medium Cards (0) High cards (-1) 3.1.2 Interpreting the numbering system 3.3 Strategy using high low method with statistical proof 3.3.1 Wait until more than half of the deck of cards is consumed 3.3.2 Situation when the total sum of deck is more than +10

Road Not Taken free essay sample

In the road not taken, a poem about (possibly) an inner journey; I think that the concepts in the poem seem very vague. Because he just mentions that he comes across a forest of some sort, in autumn- He mentions that he comes in a â€Å"yellow wood† so that could be imagery for a forest set in the fell season. and he says that he has to make a decision,, and moves on from there, he doesn’t mention if it’s good or bad. I’d like to think that this poem was not meant to have a definite story given by the writer. I’d like to think that the poem talks about making a choice, in the poem the persona has travelled into a path that goes two separate ways. The path is a metaphor for life, for being conflicted into making choices and from there, moving forward. We will write a custom essay sample on Road not taken or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He says that he doubts he should ever come back, which could mean that he knows he can’t go back on the choices he he makes but from there, flourish. When he says that â€Å"I took the road less travelled by, and that has made all the difference†, It could mean that the choices he made, good or bad, will have made an impact on his life, and I quote, it has made all the difference The Ivory Trail though is more of a Physical Journey then the Road Not Taken and is set in Africa, symbolized by the warm colors shown in the cover, the appearance of the person on the bottom left, the mosque like buildings and the Sphinx. This story is based on a physical journey of a boy, who encounters many journeys as he grows up. In contrast to The Road Not Taken, where the persona is satisfied with their journey, the look of forlorn in the character suggests that he is terrified of something. Possibly growing up, possibly the things one faces as they grow up. This could also suggest that this character is a young person. Because kid is afraid to grow up. If the character were more of an adult then he probably wouldn’t look as worries as he does WORDS: Respite: a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant. Denunciations: public condemnation of someone or something. Bartered: exchange (goods or services) for other goods or services without using money. Road Not Taken free essay sample Take a glimps into my brain and see how I perceive it! The literary work that caught my interest was, â€Å"The Road not Taken†, by Robert Frost (1916). Even though this poem may not affect someone else who reads it, I enjoyed its so much. This poem means different things to each person that reads it. I connected with this poem because sometimes I wonder how my life could have been different had I chosen a different road! When I consider this poem both roads were a lot alike—the speaker seems satisfied with the choice, and knows that leaving the other road for future travel is not possible. The choice is not just about a particular road but about a life path as well. (R. Wayne Clugston, 2011) I have come to the conclusion that I thought it dealt simply with making a challenging (less traveled by) choice. However, I now see that it reflects not just on the motive for choosing but on the nature of choice making. We will write a custom essay sample on Road Not Taken or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There appears to be delight, at least satisfaction, on the part of the speaker at the beginning of the poem, but the sigh mentioned at the end suggests that the choice was more complex than it appeared: It reveals the nature of decision making, implying that, at best, its a fuzzy process with ambiguous aspects—both at the moment a choice is made and afterwards. In this way, a wise observation is made through the poem, and important life knowledge is gained. R. Wayne Clugston, 2011) If I was to look at this same poem with an analytical approach using the reader response approach that I would say that this poem caught my imagination because I can actually picture myself on that path and then emotionally connect with the writer because I too reminisce on ways my life could have been different. If I look at it from a Formalists view, the narrator comes upon a fork in the road while walking through a yellow wood. He considers both paths and concludes that each one is equally well-traveled and appealing. After choosing one of the roads, the narrator tells himself that he will come back to this fork one day in order to try the other road. However, he realizes that it is unlikely that he will ever have the opportunity to come back to this specific point in time because his choice of path will simply lead to other forks in the road (and other decisions).

Margaret Thatcher was the Prim... free essay sample

Margaret Thatcher was the Prime Minister of Britain for three terms. She was a situational leader that combined both authoritarian and autocratic leadership styles. Because of this she was not successful in utilizing the transformational leadership theory which is the most effective theory used in todays work environment and organizational culture for positive change. She had many traits and strengths that led to her success but was weak on others. She needed to improved her capabilities in fostering collaborative relationships, active listening and adaptability. She was a very dynamic leader and brought needed changed to Britain, but also significantly influenced the world.Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister of Great Britain. Born into a conservative family, she grew up above her familys grocery store. She was brought up with the values of hard work and public service. She attended the University of Oxford graduating in 1947 with a degree in chemistry. She was a scientist but longed to be in politics. She joined the Young Conservatives and went on to study as a barrister at the Inns of Court Law school, becoming a tax attorney in 1954. It was during this time that she improved her leadership skills. She married a wealthy business man and was the mother of twins. She ran for parliament but was defeated due to the existence of male partiality in her conservative party. Her determination to succeed enabled her to became a member of the house of commons in 1959 and she rose up through the ranks in parliament serving until 1992. She was elected three terms as Prime Minister, serving eleven years in power (1979-1990). Margaret Thatcher passed away in 2013 at the age of 87 and is considered one of Britains most influential Prime Minister of the 20th century. Margaret Thatchers leadership style was a combination of autocratic and transactional. Her leadership style coined the term Thatcherism and is still used today to describes her leadership style and principals of the British government.Margaret Thatcher received the moniker Iron Lady because of her authoritarian and autocratic leadership style. Her leadership style was characterized by making the decisions and expecting her followers to follow her instructions. She needed individual control over the decisions she made. She needed to make decisions quickly so that she could accomplish what she set out to do. Margaret Thatcher came to office with one deliberate intent, To change from a dependent to a self-reliant society – from a give-it-to me, to a do-it-yourself nation. A get-up-and-go, instead of a sit-back-and-wait-for-it Britain. She had a clear passion that she believed in and she wasnt going to compromise her principals. She came into power when the economic conditions were poor and the trade unions had shut down public services. Public expenditures were out of control. With her style of leadership, she was able to take on the unions, privatized industries and put Britain back on its feet. Margaret Thatcher also exhibited a transactional style of leadership. This was evident by the hierarchal structure of the British government where she had the power and authority over those beneath her but was still accountable to those in parliament. Transactional leaders are coercive and rely on rewards and punishment as influence. Margaret Thatcher reprimanded her colleagues by making hand written notes and comments in the margins of proposals and policies when they didnt match her views or plans and went so far as to indicate it was a very poor paper and please translate into English. Transactional leadership is centered around the idea of the relationship between the leader and followers where the followers agree to obey the leader and suffer the consequences if they resist. One of Margaret Thatchers ministers was dismissed because they were against her governments economic policy. She was trying to change the status quo, and this included fighting against her ministers and the departments that were behind them. In todays work environment, transformational leadership is the most effective concept in bringing about permanent change to an organization. It is the type of leadership that followers want in an ideal leader. The ability to motivate followers with a vison, mission and values that allows followers to practice what the leader preaches. It is also fosters creativity and innovations and allows the followers to make and implement their decisions. Margaret Thatcher was unsuccessful in using transformational style of leadership due to the environment and culture at that time. Because of the uncertainty, and turmoil the country was in she had to make the choices that were best for the country. She took on a parent like role, and although she didnt motivate her followers and cabinet with it, she began the process of improving the economy and showed a commitment to her followers which led to their loyalty and trust. Had she been more of a transformational leader and listened to her ministers and advisors, there is the possibility that better solutions and maybe a broader set of options would have been available to try and may have helped her strengthen her competencies.Leadership competencies are highly dependent upon the personality and individuality of the leader. Margaret Thatcher had many competencies and skill-sets required to be a successful leader. She exhibited leadership traits such as motivation, self-confidence, ambition, decisiveness, honesty, and integrity. Her self-confidence was a definite strength, but with this self-confidence came an assertive and forceful approach to leadership. This style helped her achieve her political goals of privatization and rec overy of the economy and removing the socialist philosophy of redistribution of national wealth to a free market economy. She gained respect on the world stage and was able to have great influence around the world. But by only focusing on her strengths and not the other competencies, she had a government which only pushed her agenda and led to her inability to evaluate or acknowledge the other critical thinking and problem-solving attributes of her ministers and cabinet. She was unable to foster cohesiveness, confidence and cooperation. By motivating and inspiring others, she may have been able to test out new ideas different from her own and developed a more effective cabinet. She was definitely not a team player which is required these days in a successful organization.Effective leaders have a clear, specific objective in mind at all times. Effective leadership also requires leaders to adapt and function in high-pressure situations. Margaret Thatcher had these specific competencies and are what led her to become the Prime Minister of Great Britain. Margaret Thatcher learned to become an effective leader through her parents who set a good example of hard work, and through mentors during her education and career. Her father instilled his philosophies into his daughter including hard work and individualism and groomed her to attend university from a very young age. She worked in the grocery store from early in the morning until late in the evening including holidays except Sundays when she was required to attend church. She had several role models in her education, including one Miss Kay who inspired her to specialize in chemistry. She studied under a future Nobel winner Dorothy Hodgkin at the university. The skills she learned from her mentors helped her become the president of the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA). Thatcher became an Education Secretary under Prime Minister Edward Heath but learned what not to do from him. The people of Britain wanted a new leader and Margaret Thatcher became the new leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons. Baroness Thatcher became a member of the Lords in 1992 where she became s a spokesperson. She was molded by many throughout her childhood, education and career. When she became the Prime Minister in 1979 during a worldwide economic recession, she had specific objective in mind and was able to use her style of leadership in a high-pressure situation to effectively lead her country out of the recession . The concept of leadership, its theories, competencies and how you apply them, along with bringing about change to the organization are important lessons to learn. Margaret Thatcher was a leader who exemplifies ways to learn these lessons. She was very involved in leading change in Britain. She left a lasting legacy by envisioning a better Britain with future possibilities. She was concerned about those who would inherit it. The changes she brought, through her core values, transformed Britain. She was the first female prime minister in British history breaking the glass ceiling of a male dominated profession. She transformed the unions and education, deregulated the financial markets, increased home ownership, privatized industries, and created jobs. She left the economy in a much better shape than she found it. She was steadfast in her principals of economic freedom, individual liberty, personal responsibility, and free market democracy. She made enormous change to the country and left a lasting legacy on the world. To succeed as a leader in a demanding environment, leaders must think critically about their personal leadership philosophies, their strengths and limitations, and apply them to the situation at hand. Leaders are defined by their strength of character, life-long commitment to core values, and maintaining leadership qualities through continuous improvement, individually and institutionally. She was a tough, opinionated, capable woman who challenged gender roles and embraced her position with grace, dignity, certainty, and led Britain very capably for a lengthy term. There is no debating that Margaret Thatcher was in every sense a leader.

Mini-Case - Finance free essay sample

In this scenario, we will continue the company’s growth rate of 5%, with no change in plowback or dividends. In this scenario, price per share is determined by the current dividends, divided by (r-g) The value of the company will be equal to the present value of all future cash flows ( i. e. dividend payments) that investors expect to receive. Constant growth scenario: EPS 2013 = $ 12,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $ 30. 00 Book equity per share in 2013 = $80,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $200. 00 per share Dividends paid out per share in 2013 = $ 8,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $ 20. 00 per share Payout ratio in 2013 = $ 20. 0 (DIV2013) / $ 30 (EPS 2013) = 0. 67 Plowback ratio 2013 = $10. 00 (RE per share 2013) / $ 30. 00 (EPS 2013) = 0. 33 Sustainable growth rate = 0. 15 (rate of return) x 0. 33 (plowback ratio) = 5 % Price per share 2012 = DIV2013/(r-g) = $20/(11%-5% ) = $ 333. 33 $ 333. 33 price per share x 400,000 shares = $ 133,333,333 value of the company in 2012 P/E ratio = $ 3 33. 33( price per share) / 30 (EPS) = 11. 11 Rapid Growth Scenario: Since Price = DIV / r-g, and there are no dividends paid in the years 2013 – 2016, we can calculate the value of the company in 2016 and discount it to obtain the Present value in 2012. EPS 2017 = $21,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $52. 50 Book equity per share 2017 = $139,900,000 / 400,000 shares = $349. 75 Dividends paid out per share 2017 = $14,000,000 / 400,000 shares = $35. 00 Payout ratio in 2017 = $ 35. 00 (DIV per share 2017) / $ 52. 50 (EPS 2017) = 0. 67 Plowback ratio in 2017 = $ 17. 50 (RE in 2017) / 52. 50 (EPS in 2017) = 0. 33 Sustainable growth rate = 0. 15 (rate of return) x 0. 33 (plowback ratio) = 5 % Price per share in 2016= $35. 00 (DIV 2017) / 0. 06 (r g)= $583. 33 Let’s discount it to 2012 value: Financial calculator: FV = 583. 33 N = 4, I/Yr = 11% PV = 384. 5 – price per share in 2012 384. 25 x 400,000 shares = 153,700,000 – value of the company in 2012 under rapid growth Conclusion: Rapid growth scenario promises higher stock price, so it should be chosen. PVGO between the previous example and this one: 153,700,000 – 133,333,333 = 20,366,667 Under both scenarios, current price per share is more than $200. Now here†™s my calculations: Constant growth scenario: Assuming a 15% required return: P0 = DIV1 / (r-g) = $20 / (. 15 . 05) = $20/. 1 = $200 Assuming an 11% required return, we’ll have: P0 = DIV1 / (r-g) = $20 / (. 11 . 05) = $20/. 06 = $333. 33 In the constant growth scenario, the stock is valued at $200 if we assume a 15% expected return, and $333. 33 if we assume 11% expected return. Now, in the rapid growth scenario, things get even more exciting. I think that 2017/2020 is the horizon year, because it’s AFTER that point when the growth goes down to 5%. In paragraph 6, the problem states â€Å" would require reinvestment of all of Prairie Home’s earnings from 2016 to 2019. After that the company could resume its normal dividend payout and growth. † your book’s years:20122013201420152016201720182019 my book’s years:20152016201720182019202020212022 year #01234567 arnings growth from previous year4. 6%15%15%15%15%5%5% dividend0000$35$36. 75$38. 59 todayH NB: neither book shows 2019 or 2022, but we know that the beginning of the year figures are the same as the end of year figures for the previous year, so that’s where I got those. Ultimately, it doesn’t really matter Iâ€℠¢m just reinforcing the point that we turn into a constant growth scenario beginning with year 6. Our non-constant growth model says this: PV = D1/(1+r)1 + D2 / (1+r)2 + †¦ + DH / (1+r)H + PH / (1+r)H and we get PH with this formula: PH = Dt+1 / (r-g) The dividends for the foreseeable future (years 1 4) will all be 0, so hose first numbers will add up to 0. We know that the dividend at the horizon year year 5 is $35. The expected future price of the stock at year 5 will be: P5 = D6 / (r-g) Plugging in numbers there, we have: P5 = $36. 75 / (. 15 . 05) = $36. 75/. 1 = $367. 50 Again, that’s assuming a 15% required return. Then the third part of the process is to add up all of those numbers, discounting them to the present value: P0 = D1 + D2 + D3 + D4 + D5 / (1. 15)5 + P5 / (1. 15)5 = 0 + (35 + 367. 5) / (1. 15)5 = 402. 5/(1. 15)5 Or on the calculator: FV = 402. 50, I/YR = 15, N=5, PV = $200. 11 Then we go to the 11% required return. There, we’ll see that: P5 = D6 / (r-g) = $36. 75 / (. 11 . 05) = $612. 50 And then: P0 = D1 + D2 + D3 + D4 + D5 / (1. 11)5 + P5 / (1. 11)5 = 0 + (35 + 612. 50) / (1. 11)5 = †¦ (Calculator: FV = 647. 50, I/YR = 11, N = 5, PV = $384. 26) In the rapid growth scenario, the stock is valued at $200. 11 if we assume a 15% expected return, and $384. 26 if we assume 11% expected return. This is the point where I defer to you, or we can talk about this more tomorrow. Our math says to price the stock somewhere between $200 and $384, but how do we choose? I get the sense that you understand that better than I do, so I can use your input for sure. We believe that Prairie Home Stores should value the stock at $384. xx because we should choose the We recommend choosing the rapid growth scenario, plowback more earnings into growing the company, and set the IPO price as $384. whatever. Our prospectus will show that we intend to invest more of our earnings into growing the company over the next 4 years, and as a result investors and the market will support a price of $384. We chose to use 11% as our expected rate of return, because this is the rate shown in the Journal of Finance as being the rate offered by other, equally risky stocks in the same industry as Prairie Home Stores. The PVGO is $153,700,000 – 133,333,333 = $20,366,667. This indicates that the company has room to grow, which will be attractive to investors. Investors believe that under the rapid growth scenario. According to our calculations, Mr. Breezeway was wise to counsel his son( ) to not sell the stock for $200, as we believe that the company is worth more than current BOOK VALUE PER SHARE include something about this. $200 per the current values (this is what the whoever dude offered the son), but our calculations show that the company is more valuable than the $200 price indicates.